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Glenn Youngkin Wife Suzanne Youngkin Age, Height, Net Worth, Wikipedia? The 214 Detailed Answer

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Glenn Allen Youngkin was born on December 9, 1966 in Richmond, Virginia, USA. George is an American politician and businessman.

George is the governor-elect of Virginia, scheduled to be sworn in on January 15, 2022 as Virginia’s 74th governor. George has an estimated net worth of $440 million.

Glenn Youngkin Wife

Youngkin is married to the beautiful Suzanne. The couple have four children.

Suzanne Youngkin is co-founder of the nonprofit Virginia Ready Initiative, which focuses on connecting the state’s unemployed with job training programs and potential employers.

Suzanne Youngkin graduated from Southern Methodist University with a Bachelor of Arts degree.

Suzanne Youngkin Age

Suzanne’s actual age is not known to the public, but she could also be in her m-40s to 50s. This was estimated in relation to the age of her husband who is 54 years old.

Suzanne Youngkin Height

Suzanne is neither tall nor short. Their size is estimated at 1.6 to 1.8 meters.

Suzanne Youngkin Net Worth

There is no val figure representing Suzanne’s net worth. However, her husband Glenn’s net worth is estimated at $440 million as of September 2021.

Suzanne Youngkin adjusts to her new role as First Lady

Suzanne Youngkin adjusts to her new role as First Lady
Suzanne Youngkin adjusts to her new role as First Lady

Images related to the topicSuzanne Youngkin adjusts to her new role as First Lady

Suzanne Youngkin Adjusts To Her New Role As First Lady
Suzanne Youngkin Adjusts To Her New Role As First Lady

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Glenn Youngkin Wife: Suzanne Youngkin Age, Height, Net …

Suzanne is neither tall nor short. Her height is estimated between 1.6-1.8 meters. Photo by Tv gue times. Suzanne Youngkin Net Worth.

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Date Published: 4/28/2022

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Suzanne Youngkin Age, Height, Net Worth, Wikipedia – 650.org

George has an estimated net worth of $440 million. Glenn Youngkin Wife. Youngkin is married to the beautiful Suzanne. The couple has four children. Suzanne …

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Date Published: 2/13/2021

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Suzanne Youngkin Age, Height, Net Worth, Wikipedia – ZGR.net

Suzanne is neither tall nor short. Her height is estimated between 1.6-1.8 meters. Suzanne Youngkin Net Worth. There’s no val figure representing Suzanne’s …

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Date Published: 7/29/2022

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Suzanne Youngkin Height, Weight, Net Worth, Age … – TG Time

Suzanne Youngkin Height, Weight, Net Worth, Age, Birthday, Wikipedia, Who, … Glenn has been hitched to his awesome spouse, Suzanne, for a long time and is …

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Who is Suzanne Youngkin Wiki, Net Worth, Biography, Age, Husband

Suzanne Youngkin aka Suzy-Q is the wife of Glenn Youngkin, an American politician, and businessman. On November 2, 2021, Glenn Youngkin defeated his Democratic opponent, former Governor Terry McAuliffe, and won the gubernatorial race. During the campaign, Suzanne was next to her husband. Recently, Glenn took to Instagram and wrote “Suzanne is God’s greatest gift to me. Her grace, love, and support have been the greatest blessing on this journey. She has not only had a successful co-founding career. at Virginia Ready, serves as President of the Phos Foundation, and founder of Normandy Farms, but she also led our family in raising four children in Great Falls.She improves me every day.Suzanne, you have taught me a lot by your courage and strength over the past nine months of this campaign and 27 years of togetherness. I am blessed to be with you on this journey. I love you, Suzy-Q. ”

Who is Suzanne Youngkin aka Suzy-Q?

Name Suzanne Youngkin Age mid-40s Wife Glenn Youngkin Kids Four Net Worth $ 40 Million to $ 60 Million USD

Suzanne Youngkin attended Southern Methodist University and graduated with a BA. Following this, Suzanne began her career as a public relations executive at Ogilvy PR. Today, he is the President of the Phos Foundation and he is also the Founder of Normandy Farm. Furthermore, he served on the Board of Directors of the Shakespeare Theater Company and Meadowkirk Retreat Center. Additionally, he worked as an Advisory Councilor at Virginia Tech’s Equine Medical Center. According to the Phos Foundation, the company’s goal is to provide “life -changing or transformative opportunities, environments, and experiences, guided by Christian values ​​and principles”. Next, the Phos Foundation is made up of two limited liability companies: Trinity Group LLC and Delta Farm LLC, and it is valued at $ 10.25 million and $ 11.7 million. In 2016, Delta Farm was donated to the foundation of Youngkin’s wife Suzanne and in 2017 Trinity Group was donated by the Suzanne Youngkin Revocable Trust. According to Forbes, the Trinity Group owns the land at 850 Balls Hill Rd in McLean, Virginia, and its home at Holy Trinity Church. In 2021, Holy Trinity Church will lease the property for $ 1 but it will cost USD 6 Million. Additionally, Trinity Group acquired this property from Oakcrest School in 2017 for $ 11 Million. While Delta Farm owns a 358-acre farm in Middleburg, Virginia, and by 2021 it will be worth $ 9.1 million. Currently, the site is leased by Meadowkirk and pays rent of $ 1 a year, It is a Christian ministry in retreat, and Suzanne Youngkin serves on the board of directors. Previously, Delta Farm bought land for $ 11.6 million from National Capital Presbytery Inc in 2013.

How old is Suzanne Youngkin?

Suzanne Youngkin is in her mid-40s. However, there is not much information about his father, mother, and siblings.

Suzanne Youngkin Wife

Suzanne Youngkin has been married to Glenn Youngkin since 1995, the couple lives in Great Falls, Virginia with their four children named Grant, Anna, John, and Thomas.

How rich is Suzanne Youngkin?

Suzanne Youngkin’s estimated Net Worth is between $ 40 Million to $ 60 Million USD.

(Photo Source: WBDJ, TheSun, Virginia Ready)

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Glenn Youngkin

74th governor of Virginia since 2022

Glenn Allen Youngkin (born December 9, 1966) is an American businessman and politician who has served as Virginia’s 74th governor since January 15, 2022. A member of the Republican Party, Youngkin defeated former Democratic governor Terry McAuliffe in the 2021 Virginia gubernatorial election. [1] [2] Prior to entering politics, he spent 25 years at private-equity firm Carlyle Group, where he became co-CEO in 2018. [3] Youngkin stepped down from the Carlyle Group in September 2020, and announced his candidacy for the 2021 Virginia gubernatorial election in January 2021. [4]

Early life and education

Glenn Allen Youngkin [5] was born in Richmond, Virginia, [6] on December 9, 1966. [7] He is the son of Ellis (née Quinn) and Carroll Wayne Youngkin. Her father played basketball for Duke University and worked in accounting and finance [8] and her mother was a nurse. [9] When Youngkin was a teenager, the family moved from Richmond to Virginia Beach. [10] He attended Norfolk Academy in Norfolk, Virginia, graduating in 1985. [11] He received numerous awards in high school basketball. [12]

Youngkin attended Rice University in Houston, Texas on a basketball scholarship. [13] He played four seasons for the Owls in the Southwest Conference, and averaged 82 points and 67 rebounds in his career. [14] In 1990, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in managerial studies and a Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering. [15] [16] He attended Harvard Business School and earned a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree in 1994. [17]

Career [edit]

Early career [edit]

After graduating from Rice in 1990, Youngkin joined investment bank First Boston, [16] where he oversaw mergers and acquisitions and capital market financing. [18] The company was bought by Credit Suisse and became Credit Suisse First Boston; Youngkin left in 1992 to pursue an MBA. [19] [16]

In 1994, after receiving his MBA, he joined management consulting firm McKinsey & Company. [19] [16] [20]

The Carlyle Group [edit]

In August 1995, [20] Youngkin joined private equity firm The Carlyle Group, based in Washington, D.C., [19] initially as a member of the U.S. buyout team. [16] In 1999, he was named partner and managing director of Carlyle. [21] [22] He managed the United Kingdom buyout team (2000–2005) [16] [23] and the global industrial sector investment group (2005–2008), dividing his time between London and Washington. [21] [24 ]

In April 2008, Carlyle’s founders asked Youngkin to step back from making the deal to focus on the company’s broader strategy. [3] [25] In 2009, the founders created a seven-person operating committee, headed by Youngkin, that manages Carlyle’s non-deal, day-to-day operations. [25] [26] In 2009 Youngkin also joined, along with Daniel Akerson, the company’s executive committee, which previously consisted of only three founders. [26] [27]

When Carlyle’s chief financial officer Peter Nachtwey abruptly left in late 2010, Youngkin became interim CFO [28] until Adena Friedman was hired as CFO in late March 2011. [29] In 2010, Youngkin joined the company’s management committee. [30] [25] Youngkin was chief operating officer of the Carlyle Group from March 2011 to June 2014. [31]

Youngkin played a major role in Carlyle’s publicity, overseeing the initial public offering. [25] [32] [33] [28] [34] [35]

In June 2014, he became co-president and co-chief operating officer with Michael J. Cavanagh, who joined the Carlyle Group from JPMorgan Chase. [36] [37] Together they assist in the development and implementation of the company’s growth initiatives and manage the company’s operations on a day-to-day basis. [38] Cavanagh left the company in May 2015 to become CFO of Comcast, leaving Youngkin as president and COO of Carlyle. [39]

In October 2017, the Carlyle Group announced that its founders would remain executive chairmen on the board of directors but step down as day-to-day leaders of the company; they named Youngkin and Kewsong Lee to succeed them, as co-CEOs, beginning January 1, 2018.[3] As co-CEOs, Youngkin oversaw Carlyle’s real estate, energy, infrastructure, and investment solutions businesses; Lee oversaw the company’s corporate private equity and global credit businesses. [40] [41] Youngkin and Lee also joined the firm’s board of directors when they became co-CEOs. [35]

During Youngkin and Lee’s tenure as co-CEOs, they oversaw the company’s transition from a public partnership to a corporation. [42] [43] [44]

Bloomberg News described the co-CEO’s relationship as “awkward … and increasingly frustrating”. [34] The publication wrote that Lee “quickly established dominance, minimizing Youngkin’s power.” [45] This was largely because Lee was given control over corporate private equity and the global credit unit initially, which was much larger. and more profitable than others. [46] [47] In July 2020, Youngkin announced that he would retire from the Carlyle Group at the end of September 2020, after serving as co-CEO for 2 1⁄2 years, stating his intention to focus on community and public efforts. service. [34] [48] [42] In 2020, Youngkin and his wife founded a nonprofit, the Virginia Ready Initiative, focused on connecting the state’s unemployed with job training programs and potential employers. [49] [50] [51 ] [52]

2021 gubernatorial election [edit]

Glenn Youngkin Youngkin — 80–90%

Youngkin — 70–80%

Youngkin — 60–70%

Youngkin — 50–60%

Youngkin — 40–50% Terry McAuliffe McAuliffe — 50–60%

McAuliffe — 60–70%

McAuliffe — 70–80%

McAuliffe — 80–90% County and independent city final results:

In January 2021, Youngkin announced that he would seek the Virginia Republican Party nomination for governor of Virginia. [53] [10] A first -time candidate, Youngkin’s personal wealth gave him the ability to self -fund his candidacy, [54] [55] and he spent at least $ 5.5 million of his own money on his main campaign. [ 56] Youngkin was endorsed by Ted Cruz in primary; Cruz described Youngkin as a close family friend. [57] [58] [59] Youngkin had previously donated to Cruz’s re-election campaign in 2018. [59]

Youngkin won the nomination at the party’s state convention on May 10, 2021, after multiple rounds of ranking-choice voting at thirty-nine locations across the state. He defeated six other candidates. [56] All Republican candidates, including Youngkin, stressed their support for Donald Trump and Trumpism, although other candidates for the nomination, such as state senator Amanda Chase, were the most vocally pro-Trump. [55] [60] After winning the party’s nomination, Youngkin was endorsed by Trump. [60] He called the endorsement an “honor” [60] but sought to distance himself from some of Trump’s most ardent supporters. [61] The New York Times wrote in October that Youngkin sought to localize the career. [62] Youngkin explicitly courted both Trump supporters and never-Trump voters. [63]

Youngkin in September 2021, less than two months before the general election

Youngkin’s Democratic opponent in the general election, Terry McAuliffe, previously served as governor from 2014 to 2018. Virginia’s constitution prevents governors from serving consecutive terms, and McAuliffe aspires to be Virginia’s first governor. who has served two terms since Mills Godwin. [64] [65] On July 12, 2021, Youngkin refused to face McAuliffe in the Virginia Bar Association debate, citing his opposition to the moderator, Judy Woodruff, for a donation he made to the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund in 2010. The VBA has held a gubernatorial debate every election year since 1985. [66] McAuliffe and Youngkin continued the debate twice during the campaign. [67] [68]

According to PolitiFact, prior to the Republican convention, Youngkin “faced a delicate line when asked if Biden was legitimately elected. He admitted that Biden was president but he would not explicitly say if he thought the president was equally elected. .After the convention, Youngkin began to recognize that Biden’s election was legitimate.“[69] Amanda Chase, with advanced conspiracy theories about the 2020 presidential election, acted as a campaign successor for Youngkin after losing her Republican primary, [70] and the Associated Press said that, while running for governor, Youngkin “failed to refute a conspiracy theory” about the 2020 election; [71] when asked at one of his rallies, a few months after Biden was inaugurated, if he could be reinstated. Trump as president, Youngkin replied, “I don’t know the details of how that could have happened because what’s happening in the court system is slow moving and it’s not clear.” [71] [72] [73]

Youngkin made a campaign appearance with Mike Pence in August, [74] and former Trump advisor Steve Bannon spoke in support of Youngkin at an October rally, which also featured a video appearance from Trump. Youngkin did not personally attend the rally in October, although he thanked the host for holding it. [75] [76] He later called it “weird and wrong” when that rally opened with attendees pledging allegiance to a flying flag, in the words of the event emcee, “at a peaceful rally with Donald J. Trump in January. 6. “[77]

When Axios asked during the campaign if he had voted to validate Biden’s election if he was a member of Congress at the time, Youngkin initially refused to answer. A few days later, Youngkin’s campaign released a statement confirming that Youngkin had voted to confirm Biden’s election. [78] Throughout the campaign, he continued to emphasize “electoral integrity” as a key theme and expressed support for stricter voting laws, such as the photo ID requirement. [79] [80]

In his second debate against McAuliffe, Youngkin said McAuliffe vetoed legislation that would require schools to inform parents about explicit sexual content in educational materials. [81] [ 82] McAuliffe defended his veto, saying: “‘ I won’t let parents go to schools and actually get books and make their own decisions … I don’t think parents should tell school what they should teach ‘”. [83] [84] [82] This quote was described by Politico as “a widely suspected gaffe quickly raided by Republicans”, [85] and Youngkin used it to create an ad of the attack. . [86] [87] Following the election, Newsweek cited poll data showing that McAuliffe’s comment on the veto was “a major factor in the race”. [88]

The legislation that Youngkin and McAuliffe discussed during their debate exchange came about when a conservative activist tried to remove Toni Morrison’s Beloved book from high school curricula in Virginia. This activist was featured in an ad for Youngkin’s campaign, although the ad did not specify which book the activist objected to or that her son was a senior high school student when the book was dedicated. [89] [90] [ 91] Youngkin’s focus on the law, known as the “Beloved Bill”, has been criticized by Virginia Democrats, who have accused him of targeting a black author. Both McAuliffe and Richmond mayor Levar Stoney called Youngkin’s use of this issue “a racist dog whistle”. [89] [90] [92] Youngkin objected that some Democrats in Virginia voted for the bill. [90] [92] NBC News wrote that Beloved “flared up as a flashpoint in the last days of Virginia’s race for governor”, [92] and The Washington Post wrote shortly before the election that the book “suddenly became the hottest topic” in the campaign. [89] ]

On November 2, 2021, Youngkin defeated McAuliffe, 50.58%–48.64%. [93] Prior to the 2021 election, Republicans had not won a statewide race in Virginia since 2009. [94] Youngkin’s success has been attributed to a coalition of voters composed of both Trump supporters and some suburban residents who supported Joe Biden in 2020. [95] [96]

Governor of Virginia (2022 – present) [edit]

Inauguration [edit]

Youngkin was sworn in as governor on January 15, 2022.She was sworn into office along with her Republican ticket companions, Lieutenant Governor Winsome Sears, the first woman of color elected to statewide office in Virginia, and Attorney General Jason Miyares, the first Latino elected to statewide office in the state. [97] The Washington Post called this ticket “historically diverse” [98] and reported that it was a sign of “intrusion” made by the Republican Party “into African American and Latino communities.” [99] Former Democrat commented. Virginia Governor Douglas Wilder after the election that Republicans had “one-up” Democrats with historic success, which, he said, showed that Democrats “can’t ignore the [Black] community. “[99]

Youngkin was inaugurated two years into the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. [97] His first week in office coincided with the January 14–17, 2022 North American winter storm. [100] [101] The Richmond Times-Dispatch reported that the morning before his inauguration, Youngkin participated in a community service project at the “Reconciliation Statue” along the Richmond Slave Trail in Shockoe Bottom, home to the second largest domestic market of slaves in the United States before the Civil War. “[102] Later that night, an inauguration eve was held for Youngkin at the Omni Richmond Hotel. [102] Another event on the eve of the inauguration for Youngkin was later held at the Science Museum of Virginia. [102] [103] On the eve of his inauguration, Youngkin held a celebration event at Richmond Main Street Station. [97] [104]

The Washington Post wrote that Youngkin’s inaugural address “delivered the blend of religious confidence and boardroom courage that fueled his success”, [97] while The Associated Press described the address as one that carried “a tone of bipartisanship and optimism “. [103] The Washington Post noted that Youngkin used the address to criticize modern politics as “too toxic”, but also wrote that, immediately after the address, Youngkin “caused partisan rancor” by signing a series of polarizing executives actions. [97] The publication noted that Youngkin’s praise for the COVID-19 vaccine “fell to the majority of the masks without a mask.” [97] Along with NPR, it was reported that Youngkin’s biggest applause was for a line about “removal of politics in the classroom “. [97] [105]

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First Day of executive actions [edit] After his inauguration, Youngkin signed eleven executive actions. The first of these prohibits the teaching of so -called “inherently divisive concepts” and recognizes the critical theory of race as one such concept. [106] [97] [107] While the theory of critical race has been widely discussed by teachers in workshops sponsored by the Virginia Department of Education, it has never been endorsed by the department or included in the state public school curriculum. [108] [97] In his executive order, Youngkin defined critical race theory and related concepts as “political indoctrination” which “teaches students to view life only through the lens of race and assumes that some mag students are intentionally or unintentionally racist, sexist, or oppressive, etc. The students are victims. “[106] [109] Frederick Hess, director of education policy at the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank, which approved the mandate as “rational and thoughtful and well -written”. [107]

The Washington Post noted that while critical racial theory specifically refers to “an academic framework that examines how policies and laws perpetuate systematic racism in the United States”, the term has been re -used by conservatives ” as a catchall that symbolizes the equity and diversity of schools… “[107] Youngkin’s stance on critical race theory was condemned by leaders of the Virginia Legislative Black Caucus, [107] [110] [111] and according to The Richmond Times-Dispatch, is “alarming to many educators” in the state. [112] Youngkin’s critics, the publication wrote, view the ban on critical race theory as an attempt to “whitewash” the history and “erase black history”. [112]Two of the executive actions Youngkin signed on his first day in office repealed the COVID-19 regulations adopted by the previous administration; one of these actions repealed Virginia’s statewide mask mandate for public schools and attempted to make compliance with local public school mask mandates optional; one revoked the COVID-19 vaccine mandate for all state employees. Additionally, one of Youngkin’s Day One executive orders called for a review of the workplace safety standards adopted by the Northam administration as protection against COVID-19. [106]

Other executive actions Youngkin took in his first day in office focused on dismissal and replacement across the Virginia Parole Board, calling on the state Attorney General to investigate the handling of sexual assaults that recently occurred in Loudoun County’s public school system, initiating audits with the Virginia Parole Board, Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, and Virginia Employment Commission, which creates commissions to combat antisemitism and human trafficking, directs state agencies to under Youngkin’s authority to reduce non-mandatory regulations by 25%, and called on the state to reconsider its membership in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. [97] [106] [113]

The Washington Post noted that Youngkin’s first executive orders were “far from executing his predecessors at the Executive Mansion over the past 20 years”, writing that while each of the predecessors focused their first executive actions on “fewer glowing topics”, such as protections against discrimination and policy studies, were Youngkin’s first executive actions, “on the contrary … directly poke many polarizing issues”. [111] Former Virginia Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling, a Republican, condemned Youngkin’s repeal of the mask orders in public schools, saying it introduced “unnecessary controversy, confusion and litigation” and called it “a direct conflict. in existing state law. “[111] The legality of Youngkin using an executive order to prohibit the teaching of critical race theory is also in question. [114] [115] VPM News reported that Youngkin’s critics viewed the order as “unenforceable”. [115] The Washington Post noted that no governor had “banned critical race theory by executive order” before Youngkin and predicted that any such order would face court challenges, writing that it was “unclear” whether Youngkin would exceed his legal authority by issuing such an order. [114]

Lawsuits [edit]

Two lawsuits were filed in January against Youngkin’s executive order revoking mask mandates at local public schools in Virginia. One of the lawsuits was brought by a group of parents from the Chesapeake and the other was brought by seven to state school boards. [116] [117] [118] The plaintiffs argued that Youngkin’s executive order violated local control provided to Virginia school boards by the state constitution and violated state law requiring Virginia public schools to comply with CDCP health guidelines “to the maximum extent practicable.”. [118] [119] The ACLU, which represents a group of medically vulnerable students in Virginia, brought an additional lawsuit in February, arguing that Youngkin’s policy violated the Americans with Disabilities Act by discriminating against students. that the risk of infection with COVID-19 is high. [120] Youngkin called on Virginia parents to cooperate with school principals as lawsuits continue. [116] [118]

Most public school districts in Virginia refused to comply with the executive order and continued to enforce local mask orders until February. [120] On Feb. 4, an Arlington County judge decided to allow mask mandates to be temporarily retained in the plaintiff’s seven school districts to stop Youngkin’s order while their case continues in the courts.[121] [122] Three days later, the Virginia Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit brought by the group of parents from the Chesapeake; the dismissal was for procedural reasons and did not rule out the legality of Youngkin’s executive order, nor did it overturn the decision released that week in Arlington County. On the same day the Chesapeake case was dismissed, the Youngkin administration joined a lawsuit against the Loudoun County school system, brought by a group of parents in that county, challenging their school system’s decision to continue the implementation of the mask mandate. [123]

School systems across Virginia began removing their mask mandates in mid-February, after Youngkin signed a bill requiring them to do so on March 1. [124] [125] The ACLU expanded the scope of its lawsuit against the Youngkin administration to include this new law, and on March 23, 2022, a federal judge ruled on the lawsuit by ruling that school districts in Virginia could choose to require masking in areas frequented by plaintiffs. The decision did not overturn Youngkin’s executive order or state law and only applied to school systems attended by the plaintiffs. [125]

Cabinet [edit]

Youngkin began announcing nominations for his sixteen-member cabinet on December 20, 2021 and the process was not completed until after his inauguration. [126] [127] [128] [129] According to The Washington Post, Youngkin formed his cabinet at a slower pace than previous Virginia governors. [130] [131] [132] Commenting on this process, the publication wrote in December 2021, “The slow pace has caused the quadrennial parlor game of guessing Cabinet choices in a longer and opaque process [than usual], in which lobbyists , interest groups and other Richmond insiders are left to guess. what the new administration might look like. Youngkin’s practice of avoiding many policy details during the campaign only raises hopes. ” [130]

Several news outlets said Youngkin’s focus on education as a campaign priority was reflected in his decision to begin announcing his cabinet nominees in his selection for Secretary of Education. [126] [133] [134] Although Youngkin suggested while campaigning for the Republican gubernatorial nomination that he name his then -opponent Kirk Cox, a former Speaker of the House of Delegates, to the position, [135] he chose instead Aimee Rogstad Guidera, the founder. of a data firm. focuses on the development of student achievement. [126] [133] [134]

Five of the nominees in Youngkin’s cabinet were women and three were African American. [129] Many of his nominees were brought in from other states, [111] and only a few of his nominees had prior government experience. [127] [132] The Washington Post wrote of these nominees, “Their newcomer status is in the brand for Youngkin, expressing his lack of political experience as an asset. But it also presents the new administration with a steep learning curve. “[97]

To serve as his chief of staff, Youngkin selected Jeff Goettman, who served as a Treasury Department official in the Trump Administration before becoming Youngkin’s campaign chief operating officer. [131] [136] [137] Youngkin and Goettman share a professional background in private equity. [136] Kay Coles James, who was the first Black woman to serve as president of the Heritage Foundation, a conservative think tank, joined Youngkin’s administration as Secretary of the Commonwealth. [138] For the role of adviser, a cabinet -level position, Youngkin chose Richard Cullen, a lawyer described by The Washington Post as “the true insider of Richmond”. [97] [131] Cullen became chairman of McGuireWoods, and in the 1990s, served Jim Gilmore’s remaining term as Attorney General of Virginia, after Gilmore resigned to run as governor.[131] [137] The Washington Post reported that Cullen’s appointment was “widely seen as a nod to the establishment class” [97] and theorized that the choice “may suggest that Youngkin did not intend to be entirely disrupt ‘politics as usual’ in a state where convenient links between government and business interests have long been hailed – and ridiculed – as ‘the Virginia way.’ “[131] The publication further wrote,” At the very least, the selection suggests that Youngkin wants some political experience on his team as he tries to embrace the vast state bureaucracy. ”[131]

Chief Diversity Officer [edit]

Youngkin ended up announcing his cabinet nominees on January 19, 2022, in his selection for Chief Diversity Officer. [129] This position was established by Youngkin’s immediate predecessor, Ralph Northam, in response to a scandal involving racist imagery appearing on the Northam medical school yearbook page – a scandal that nearly led to Northam’s resignation in office. The idea for a Chief Diversity Officer was born out of a commitment made by Northam to focus the rest of his term on advancing racial equality in Virginia. [127] [139] Youngkin did not announce a nomination for Chief Diversity Officer until after his inauguration, [129] leading to media speculation that he would step down. [127] Youngkin’s nominee for Chief Diversity Officer, Angela Sailor, was an executive at the Heritage Foundation and held several positions in George W. Bush’s presidential administration. [129]

Virginia’s Chief Diversity Officer oversees the state’s Office of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion, designed under Northam to “address systematic inequalities” that exist within the state government. [129] [139] ] Upon announcing Sailor’s nomination to serve in her cabinet, Youngkin issued an executive order restructuring the agency. The mandate said the agency would “be an ambassador for unborn children”, allocate resources toward emphasizing parental participation in public school education, play a higher role in “[helping] to Virginians living with disabilities and the integration of Virginians of different faiths ”, lift“ diversity of perspectives on higher education ”, and focus on creating“ equal opportunity ”for per Virginian. [129] Youngkin tried to change the name of the agency to the Office of Diversity, Opportunity and Inclusion, but a bill to do so was voted on in the state senate. [140]

nomination by Andrew Wheeler [edit]

Youngkin’s first nominee for Secretary of Natural Resources, Andrew Wheeler, was voted in a party-line vote in the Democratic-controlled State Senate. [141] [142] [143] [144] Wheeler served as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the Trump Administration, and before that, worked as a coal lobbyist. His tenure at the EPA was marked by reversals of environmental regulations implemented by the Obama administration, and his nomination to serve in Youngkin’s cabinet was heavily criticized by environmental advocates. [132] [145] [146] A letter signed by 150 former EPA employees was sent to the Virginia legislature expressing opposition to Wheeler’s nomination. [141] [147]

As The Washington Post noted, cabinet nominees almost always receive bipartisan political support for the state of Virginia; although former Virginia governor Bob McDonnell withdrew one of his cabinet nominees in response to Democratic opposition, only one cabinet nominee before Wheeler was formally elected by the Virginia state legislature – Daniel Mr. LeBlanc, an AFL – CIO chief whose nomination of Tim Kaine to serve as Commonwealth Secretary was rejected by Republicans in 2006. [132] [141] [148] Wheeler served as acting Secretary of Natural Resources until mid -March 2022, when Youngkin appointed him senior advisor, a position that does not require legislative confirmation. [141] [144] [149]Leading up to voting on his nomination, Republicans in the Virginia House of Delegates retaliated against Democrats for opposing Wheeler, by both blocking the reappointment of a judge to the State Corporation Commission and leaving two vacancies in Virginia Supreme Court. [146] [147] ] [141] After defeating Wheeler’s nomination to the State Senate, House Republicans, in Youngkin’s support, announced plans to reject approximately 1,000 nominees on state boards; the nominees are all Northam nominees, and it has long been a political practice in Virginia for outgoing governor nominees to be confirmed with bipartisan support.Many of the nominees are already serving in their internal positions a few months. After Democrats responded by threatening to reject all future appointments Youngkin made, Republicans reduced their plan and rejected only eleven of Northam’s nominees. Declined nominees were appointed to the Virginia State Board of Education, the State Air Pollution Control Board, the State Water Control Board, the Virginia Safety and Health Codes Board, and the Virginia Marine Resources Commission. [142] [143] [150] ] [151] According to the Republican leadership in the Virginia House of Delegates, vacancies were created on these particular boards so that Youngkin would have greater influence on the boards related to his top policy priorities. [143 ] Democrats retaliated by rejecting four of Youngkin’s five nominees on the Virginia Parole Board and one of his nominees on the Virginia Safety and Health Codes Board. [152] [153]

According to The Washington Post, conflict continued to escalate throughout the 2022 legislative session between Youngkin and the state’s Democratic lawmakers as a result of the dispute that began with Wheeler’s nomination. [154] [155] [156] Youngkin went on to issue more vetoes in that session than any of his predecessors did during their own first years in office. [154] All of the bills Youngkin vetoed were sponsored by Democrats and passed the legislature with bipartisan support. In some cases, Youngkin vetoed bills endorsed by state Democratic senators while signing identical bills sponsored by Republican delegates. It is common for identical bills to be passed in both chambers of the Virginia legislature, and it is considered standard for governors to sign both versions of such bills. In response to Youngkin’s vetoes, The Washington Post wrote, “A governor typically signs the same version, allowing both sponsors to brag about the rights for passing a bill. State lawmakers said that it has long been unthinkable of a case in which a governor signed a bill. and vetoed its companion. “[154] [155] The publication further wrote that” vetoes are widely seen as payback “for on the part of Youngkin’s nominees who were rejected by the Democrats. [154]

Unpaid consultants [edit]

The Youngkin administration issued a notice from The Washington Post and The Richmond Times-Dispatch for its use of Matthew Moran and Aubrey Layne as unpaid counsel. [157] [158]

Moran has served pro bono in the administration as both Deputy Chief of Staff and Director of Policy and Legislative Affairs. He did so while on paid leave from two political consulting firms; one of these companies “runs public works campaigns designed to influence lawmakers through things like TV ads and polls”, according to The Washington Post. [157] That publication, along with The Richmond Times-Dispatch, noted that Moran’s role in the Youngkin administration had drawn scrutiny for exposing a possible conflict of interest.[157] [158] A previous publication wrote that while there is a precedent for Virginia governors to have unpaid counsel, “Moran’s situation is unusual, as he works full -time for the administration with the title of the state, but there was no prior disclosure that he was a volunteer on someone else’s payroll. ”[157]

Aubrey Layne, who served as Secretary of Finance in the Northam administration, served as an unpaid adviser to her successor in the Youngkin administration, Stephen E. Cummings, and did so while serving as an executive at Sentara Healthcare. [157 ] [158]

Richard Cullen, Youngkin’s adviser, said he personally specified that Layne and Moran’s roles in the administration followed the state’s ethical rules. [157] [158]

Tipline for “division skills” [edit]

In his first week as governor, Youngkin set up an email tipline to receive reports about what he describes as “splitting practices” in Virginia schools. The tipline was announced in a news release on January 21, 2022 focusing on Youngkin’s executive order banning school mask mandates. [159] [160] Three days later, Youngkin discussed the tipline on a conservative radio show, in which he said parents should use the tipline to report “any instance where they feel their fundamental rights are being violated, where their children are not respected, where there are inherently divisive practices in their schools. “[159] Speaking about the practices to be reported, he said on the radio show that his administration would” catalog everything “and would begin” its roots “. [161]

The tipline was described by The Washington Post as “part of Youngkin’s broader push to define and remove what he claims are elements of critical race theory in the state curriculum.” [159] The publication further reported. that the tipline was viewed by “a union of teachers, Democrats in the General Assembly, some parents and other observers … as divisive, authoritarian and unfairly targeting educators.” [159] The Virginia Republicans defended. the tipline by comparing it to the systems established by previous state governors for people to report violations of business regulations and health protocols. [159] [162] On Jan. 26, a spokesperson for Youngkin tweeted that critics of the tipline had misidentified. this and described the tipline as “a routine forming service.” [163] [164]

A week after the tipline debuted, CNN reported that the initiative had garnered national attention. [165] Colin Jost mocked the tipline on Saturday Night Live during the Weekend Update, [166] and John Legend urged opponents of the initiative to co-opt the tipline, tweeting, “Black parents need to flood the these tips of complaints about our history have been silenced. We are also parents. “[159] [163] [167] Several media outlets reported that Youngkin’s critics spammed the tipline. [ 159] [163] [165] [166] [168] Describing it as a “snitch line”, political scientist Larry Sabato predicted that the tipline would “return” to Youngkin. [169] Near the end of January, the WSET reported that the tipline was criticized by “Virginia teachers and the Virginia Education Association … for targeting teachers who are already struggling amid staff shortages and other challenges associated with the COVID-19 pandemic “, while The Lead reported with Jake Tapper that the tipline could cause retention problems among Virginia educators. [165]

On Feb. 3, Youngkin explained that his administration was “responding” to complaints submitted to the tipline but did not say whether there would be repercussions for the teachers mentioned in those complaints. [170] The Virginian-Pilot’s multiple questions about how complaints sent to the tipline would be used by the Youngkin administration went unanswered. [160] Youngkin denied FOIA requests to see emails sent to the tipline, citing the “working papers and correspondence” exemption in Virginia’s FOIA law.[171] [172] [173] In April, a group of more than a dozen media outlets sued the Youngkin administration for access to emails. The lawsuit argues that the “working papers and correspondence” exemption does not apply in this instance, because access to emails is not only restricted to Youngkin’s office (Youngkin allowed a conservative think tank to access emails). [174]

Loudoun County School Board Proposal [edit]

During Virginia’s 2022 legislative session, a bill regarding elections for the Loudoun County School Board was amended by Youngkin in an effort that, if successful, would cause elections to be held for a year. in advance for seven of the nine board members. [175] [176] [177] A spokesman for Youngkin described the amendment as an attempt to “guarantee [the board]” for their handling of the two sexual assaults that occurred in that county’s school system in last year. [175] Opposition to the Loudoun County School Board on various issues became the main focus of Youngkin’s gubernatorial campaign. [175] [178] In response to Youngkin’s proposed amendment, Democrats, some political scientists, and the county school board itself charged Youngkin with trying to destroy election results that put board members in office. [154] [155] [156] [179] The Washington Post reported that Youngkin’s effort “shocked many observers of state politics as an intrusion on the integrity of local elections without a modern precedent in Virginia.” which was taken over by Youngkin [155] and led to “one of the most painful partisan explosions” in the Virginia state legislature since Youngkin’s term began. [156] The legal scholar A.E. Dick Howard argued that the amendment likely violated the Virginia Constitution, which Howard helped write in the 1970s. [175] The proposed amendment was passed in the Republican-controlled House of Delegates but lost in the Democratic-controlled State Senate. [156] [175] [177] [179]

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Political positions [edit]

Youngkin with the Virginia Congressional delegation in December 2021

Youngkin with Maryland Governor Larry Hogan in January 2022

The Washington Post wrote that during his campaign for governor, Youngkin “offered a moderately conservative platform, but also played in hot cultural wars.” [180] About a week after his inauguration, All Things Considered reported that although Youngkin “came to power as a kind of Republican political establishment, a businessman who talked to suburban families” and “gave … [a] dad-next-door image”, his administration quickly began “leaning on many of the same themes as [Trump]”. guard “with the partisanship of his administration. [111] As governor, Youngkin held numerous positions in the executive branch on the litmus test on abortion, critical race theory, and transgender policies. [142]

While running for the Republican primary, Youngkin vowed to “stand up against all laws passed by Democrats” and be an opponent of abortion. [182] At the time, he spoke out against gun legislation passed by Democrats, including expanded background checks, gun purchase limits and red flag laws. [182] After winning the nomination, he removed the emphasis on these social issues, seeking to appeal to suburban swing voters. [182] In July, the National Rifle Association (NRA) refused to endorse Youngkin after he refused to fill out their candidate survey. [183] In September, a Democrat-aligned group began running ads in conservative parts of Virginia, seeking to reduce Republican turnout by attacking its lack of endorsement from the NRA. [184]

Abortion [edit]

Youngkin describes himself as “pro-life” but said he supports legal access to abortion in cases of life-saving, rape, and incest of a pregnant patient. [185] Youngkin criticized the Texas Heartbeat Act, which prohibits abortion in the sixth week of pregnancy except to save the mother’s life.She said she preferred the “pain threshold bill” which prohibits abortion for about twenty weeks. [186] [187] In July 2021, while running for governor, he was caught on a hot microphone telling an activist that “he would start sinning” against abortion rights if elected governor but would have largely avoided the subject until then, saying “as a topic of the campaign, sadly, which in fact will not win my independent votes that I need to get. “[188] [189]

As governor, Youngkin introduced a failed amendment to the state budget, which if passed by the legislature, would have prohibited the state government from funding abortion services in cases of severe fetal abnormality. This could make Virginia’s policy on public funding of abortion services consistent with the federal Hyde Amendment, which only allows it in cases of rape, incest, or to protect the mother’s life. [190] [191] [192] [193]

In May 2022, following the leaked draft opinion of Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, Youngkin joined Maryland Governor Larry Hogan in calling on the federal government to intervene against peaceful protests targeting the homes of conservative Supreme Court Justices living in Virginia and Maryland. Commenting on these abortion rights protests, Youngkin said, “We have moments where common sense needs to prevail. And common sense here completely dictates that the ability, in fact, to show and express of your views are protected under the First Amendment. It is simply neither appropriate nor legal to do so in the residence of magistrates. “[194] Youngkin has been criticized by some conservatives for demanding federal action instead of enforcing the a state law prohibiting protesters from targeting private residences. [194] [195] State law was dismissed as “weak” by Youngkin. [194] The Washington Post described the constitutionality of state law as unclear while noting that “enforcement rests with the local authorities in Fairfax County, not the governor.” [194] The publication noted that Youngkin and Hogan both believed that the protests violated “a federal law prohibiting demonstrations aimed at influencing judges in pending cases”. [194] Youngkin tried to block the protesters by having a perimeter established around Justice Samuel Alito’s neighborhood, but his request was denied by Fairfax County officials, on the grounds that they believed such a perimeter was unconstitutional. . [194] In June 2022, Youngkin responded to the protests by introducing an amendment to the state budget, which, if adopted, would make it a felony in Virginia to participate in any protest aimed at intimidating or influencing a judge. [196 ] [193] The budget amendment was defeated after receiving two-party opposition in the state legislature. [193]

After the final opinion was issued in Dobbs v. Jackson, Youngkin expressed support for the decision and announced he would seek a 15-week abortion ban in Virginia. He also elected four state legislators to find common solutions to reduce abortion in Virginia. [197]

Youngkin supports vaccination efforts with COVID-19 but opposes mask and vaccine mandates. [198] He and his family were vaccinated. [199] In his first speech to the General Assembly, he emphasized his position on the state’s vaccination efforts by saying, “Speaking to you as your governor, I will never tell you what you should do. But talking to you as your neighbor and a friend, I strongly encourage you to get vaccinated. “[110]

Shortly before taking office, Youngkin announced that he would challenge the Biden administration’s employer’s vaccination mandate. [200] After the U.S. Supreme Court ruled.in favor of the mandate for some health care workers but against the mandate for other private employers, Youngkin signed a letter with West Virginia Governor Jim Justice, asking the Biden administration to exempt rural and state run hospitals from the mandate, citing staff shortages at many of those hospitals. [201]

While running as governor, Youngkin said he modeled his public school mask policy after Florida Governor Ron DeSantis by banning local school boards from enforcing their own mask mandates. Youngkin reversed this position later in the campaign, saying through his PR team that although he opposed Virginia’s statewide public school mask mandate, he would give local school boards the decision to implement their own mask rules. [111] [198] After winning the election, he reaffirmed his intention to revoke the statewide mandate while still allowing local mandates. [111] [202] On his first day in office, January 15, 2022, he again reversed his position, signed an executive order that both repealed the statewide mandate and attempted to repeal any local mandate. [106] [107] ] [111] [161] This executive order was challenged by two lawsuits alleging that it violated state law at the time and exceeded Youngkin’s constitutional authority. [116] [118] The ACLU also challenged it in a lawsuit arguing that the order discriminated against medically disadvantaged students. [120] Youngkin called on Virginia parents to cooperate with school principals as lawsuits continue. [116] [118] On Feb. 16, 2022, Youngkin signed a bill that made masking optional in all public schools throughout Virginia. The bill passed most party lines and took effect on March 1. [124] The ACLU’s lawsuit against the Youngkin administration was decided on March 23, in a decision that upheld Youngkin’s ban on school mask mandates except in areas frequented by plaintiffs. [125]

Two other executive actions Youngkin signed on his first day in office related to his pandemic response policies. One revoked the COVID-19 vaccine mandate for all state employees; another called for a review of workplace safety standards adopted by the Northam administration as a pandemic mitigation strategy. [106] On Feb. 16, 2022, Youngkin convened the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry’s Safety and Health Codes Board to vote on whether to repeal those safety standards. A few days before the vote, House Republicans rejected the nominations of two members appointed to the Northam board; both members are expected to vote against repealing the safety standards. Their nominations were rejected as part of a larger process of expelling Northam nominees from several state boards, conducted by Republicans in response to the Democrats ’defeat of Youngkin’s nomination of Andrew Wheeler to serve as a cabinet secretary. [143]

The remaining members of the Safety and Health Codes Board voted 7 to 3 in favor of recommending the repeal of safety standards. [143] [203] Following a period of public comment, the board reconvened on March 21 and voted to officially repeal the safety standards. Virginia became the first state to adopt workplace safety standards in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the standards, which include a mask mandate for workers in high-risk areas in inside, was officially completed on March 23, 2022. [203] [204] [205] [206]

In taking office, Youngkin extended a limited state of emergency implemented by the Northam administration ten days earlier to increase hospital capacity and allow medical professionals licensed in other states to practice in Virginia. .The extension was originally set to last until February 21, 2022 [199] but was renewed to last at least until March 22. [207]

In January 2022, the Virginia Department of Health, under Youngkin’s authority, became one of the first states to stop interaction monitoring efforts with every positive COVID-19 case. Health officials in the department explained that the decision was made mainly because of the increased difficulty in tracking contact with the omicron variant. These officials further explained that the policy would allow the department to better focus on its resources in responding to “outbreaks and cases in high -risk settings” and individuals who test positive should continue to personally inform contacts. [208] [209] [210] [211]

In May 2022, Youngkin announced that on July 5 of that year, he would reduce the telework policy for employees of the Virginia executive branch, which Northam expanded two years ago in response to the pandemic. [212] [213 ] [214] Under Youngkin’s policy, those employees could telework one day a week or temporarily with approval from the head of their agency, two days a week with approval from a cabinet secretary, and three or more days a week with approval from Youngkin’s chief of staff. [212] [215] [213] Youngkin argued that his policy would lead to increased innovation and improved customer service in state agencies. [212] [216] Democrats criticized Youngkin’s policy, arguing that it would put state workers at risk in the midst of an ongoing pandemic while causing sustainability problems for state agencies. [216] They called on Youngkin to maintain Northam’s policy until after Labor Day, to alleviate pressure on state employees trying to find summer child care. [216] [217] Youngkin’s policy not only overrides Northam’s policy but gives state agencies less discretion to approve telework adjustments than they did before the pandemic began. [214] The Richmond Times-Dispatch reported that Youngkin’s policy deviated from private sector trends that favor telework options [213] and could lead to challenges for state employees in rural areas with particular long journey. [218] In early June, the Youngkin administration missed a self-imposed deadline for approving telework requests. [219]

Criminal justice [edit]

An amendment introduced by Youngkin in the 2022 state budget limited the number of inmates who could qualify for an expanded early release program scheduled to begin that summer. The program allows Virginia inmates to have time on their sentences through good behavior credits. It was expanded by legislation signed in 2020 by Youngkin’s predecessor, Ralph Northam, to limit Virginia on how many good behavior credits can be obtained for most inmates. Because this program expansion was originally designed, the new available credits cannot be used to reduce sentences for violent crimes but can be used by inmates convicted of violent crimes to reduce any simultaneous or consecutive sentences imposed for non -violent reasons. Youngkin and other Republicans described this aspect of the program as an unintentional hole in need of correction. Democrats are more likely to disagree with that description. Youngkin’s amendment, adopted by the General Assembly along most party lines, made prisoners convicted of violent crimes completely ineligible for the expanded program, meaning no these inmates can use the newly available credits to reduce even the sentences imposed for nonviolent crimes. [196] ] [220] [221] [222] [223]

Although the expanded early release program was approved by Northam in 2020, it did not take effect until July 1, 2022.Because the newly available credits are made retroactively applicable for anyone who gets them earlier in their sentences, approximately 550 inmates convicted of violent crimes are set to be released once the law goes into effect in July 2022. . [221] [224] Youngkin’s amendment was approved a few weeks before the release of these prisoners. [192] [220] [221] [222]

Economy [edit]

During his campaign for governor, Youngkin often said that Virginia’s economy was “in the ditch”. [225] [226] [227] Some political scientists, such as Mark Rozell, regarded this as an unusual position, because throughout the campaign, Virginia had low unemployment, a budget surplus, and an AAA bond rating. The state was also rated that year by CNBC as the Top State for Business. Youngkin argued against the merits of CNBC’s rating, stating that it places too much emphasis on inclusiveness and cited Virginia’s poor rating in the “cost of living” and “cost of doing business” categories. [225]

The Washington Post noted that more than two months after winning the Republican nomination, “Youngkin has not yet revealed any formal economic plans.” [225] One of Youngkin’s main proposals at that stage of the career was to eliminating Virginia individual income tax. [180] [225] According to NPR, this measure received “criticism from both Democrats and Republicans that doing so would eliminate approximately 70% of Virginia’s General Fund.” [228] Before the end of the election. his campaign, Youngkin withdrew his proposal to abolish the tax, [180] [228] called it “aspirational” [180] and said, “In Virginia, we can’t eliminate the income tax., but we can certainly try. overthrow it. “[228]

In late August 2021, Youngkin announced a series of lower tax proposals. These include eliminating the grocery tax, suspending the gas tax increase, offering a one-time income tax rebate, doubling the standard income tax deduction, cutting retirement tax on the income of veteran, enforcing voter approval for any further increase in local property taxes, and offering tax holiday for small businesses. [180] [229] [230] In their announcement, the Associated Press called these proposals “the most comprehensive and detailed look at the priorities of a potential Youngkin administration”. [229] If enacted, these measures would amount to $ 1.8 billion in one -time tax deductions and $ 1.4 billion in recurring tax deductions. Youngkin proposed paying for the tax cuts using a $ 2.6 billion surplus in the state budget. The Washington Post and NPR both noted that most surpluses are not available for tax deductions, because state law requires that more than half of the surplus be allocated to the reserve fund “tag day “rain”, water quality improvement fund, and transportation fund. [228] [230]

As senior economic advisor of his campaign, Youngkin hired Stephen Moore, who helped oversee significant tax cuts in Kansas several years ago when Sam Brownback was in office as governor of that state. [180] [225] [ 228] NPR noted at the end of the Virginia gubernatorial campaign that Youngkin “derived most of his fiscal agenda from [Moore].” [228] In response to Moore’s hiring, The Washington Post described the tax cuts to Brownback as “an experiment widely seen as a failure, leading the state to reduce spending for priorities such as education and transportation when revenue dries up.” The publication noted that the tax cuts were eventually repealed “by a two-party vote”. [225] Youngkin’s Democratic gubernatorial opponent, Terry McAuliffe, cited the economic slowdown in Kansas as a way of criticizing Youngkin’s economic platform. [225] Moore admitted after joining the Youngkin campaign that the Brownback tax cuts had negatively affected the Kansas economy but argued that it should be considered an anomaly, saying that some other states were “very good when they lowered the taxes “. [225]In 2022, Youngkin signed a two -year, $ 165 billion state budget featuring $ 4 billion in tax cuts. [231] [232] According to The Washington Post, the “centerpiece” of this budget was “a substantial increase in the standard deduction for personal income tax.” [233] Instead of doubling the standard deduction, as Youngkin suggested, the budget raised it. of about 80 %, increasing it from $ 4,500 to $ 8,000 for individuals and from $ 9,000 to $ 16,000 for couples who sacrificed together. [232] [233] The budget includes a one-time tax rebate and a partial elimination of the Virginia grocery tax, both of which align with Northam’s own expenditure budget proposals rather than Youngkin’s preferred tax policies. [232] [234 ] As Northam suggested, the one-time tax rebate amounts to $ 250 for individuals and $ 500 for couples, slightly less than Youngkin’s target of $ 300 for individuals and $ 600 for couples. , and although the final budget implemented Northam and Youngkin’s joint goal of removing a 1.5% grocery tax imposed by the state, Democrats blocked Youngkin’s further proposal to remove a separate 1% grocery tax levied by Virginia localities. [233] [235] Youngkin’s proposal to implement a tax exemption of up to $ 40,000 a year for military pensions was fully included in the budget. [232] [235] According to The Washington Post, the exemption will “phase out over several years.” [235] Another Northam’s proposal included in the budget would generate up to 15% of the earned income tax credit to be refunded. [232] [ 234] [235] This policy, designed to benefit low-income taxpayers, [235] was described by The Richmond-Times Dispatch as “a long-time democratic priority” and opposed by Republicans. [ 232] It was included in the budget as a compromise between the two parties. [232] [235] Youngkin’s goal to offer relief from the state gas tax was blocked by the legislature along most party lines. Democrats argued that Youngkin’s proposed plan would eliminate state revenue for transportation projects while offering inadequate assistance to consumers. [231] [232] [233] [235] Youngkin opposed an anti-Democratic proposal to send direct payments to car owners in Virginia. [236] Youngkin said he intends to continue the efforts begun under his predecessor, Ralph Northam, to modernize the Virginia Employment Commission, which, according to The Washington Post, “struggles with outdated computer systems and staff shortages during a time of rising pandemic demand…” [230] In his first day in office, Youngkin signed an executive order requesting a review by the state agency. [106] In March 2022, his administration was awarded a grant from the Biden administration’s Labor Department to combat inequality in Virginia Employment Commission operations. The grant was made available by the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021. Virginia was among the first states to receive such a grant, because, according to The Washington Post, its application to participate in the program was one of the “most intensive “. The Youngkin administration did not announce its plans for grant money. [237]

Youngkin also said he intends to continue the efforts begun under Northam to expand broadband access in Virginia. [110]

Youngkin opposes the gradual increase in the minimum wage initiated by the Northam administration in Virginia, arguing that the final target of $ 15 dollars per hour would cause the state to “lose its job”. [238] He supported Virginia’s right to work law [67] [239] and promised to veto any law that would repeal it. [240] [241] He also supported the idea of ​​repealing both collective bargaining rights for public employees and the requirement that all public works use project labor agreements. [111]

Education [edit]

Youngkin on a tour at the New E3 School in Norfolk, VirginiaYoungkin’s educational platform was recognized as the center of his campaign by much of the national media, [86] [242] [243] [244] [245] [246] and he sought to mobilize voters on the issue by holding a Parents Matter rally. . [243] [244] According to Politico, “Youngkin suspended his education campaign”. [246] The New York Times wrote that Youngkin’s campaign made Virginia public schools “a cultural war zone”. [244]

Cultural and curriculum issues [edit]

Throughout the campaign, Youngkin spoke out against what he described as the widespread teaching of critical race theory in the state. [86] [242] [243] [244] [246] Politifact finds this description of him incorrect, saying it finds no evidence that critical race theory is part of state curriculum standards and little evidence that it is taught in classrooms. [ 108] The publication wrote, “The theory of critical race is widely discussed by educators throughout Virginia. But there is a difference between educators learning about the theory and actually teaching it to students.” [108] noted. of Youngkin’s critics that he sent his own children in private. schools where recommended resources promote critical racial theory. Youngkin served on the governing board for one of those schools from 2016 to 2019 but distanced himself from the anti -racism initiatives adopted by the school. [165]

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The Washington Post referred to the Loudoun County school system as “ground zero for Youngkin’s success”, citing widespread activism among parents in the county who opposed progressive school policies. [247] Following two sexual assaults that occurred in Loudoun County schools, Youngkin called for campus police to be placed in every school in Virginia, [248] [249] and after winning the election, he instructed the Attorney General of state, Jason Miyares, to investigate The Loudoun County school system’s handling of those attacks. [106] Initially, the culprit of the attacks was characterized as gender fluid; although this was later denied by the perpetrator’s attorney, conservative media coverage focused on this aspect of the attacks, and this news sparked opposition to bathroom policies newly adopted in Virginia to accommodate the transgender students. [250] [251] [252] ] Youngkin’s Democratic opponent in the election, Terry McAuliffe, said the attacks were exploited during the campaign as “a transphobic dog whistle”. [250]

A major topic of opposition to Republicans during the campaign was a state law signed in 2020 by Youngkin’s predecessor, Ralph Northam, requiring all public schools in Virginia to adopt protections for transgender people. and students. [242] Youngkin himself has been critical of these protections. While running as governor, she supported teachers who refused to refer to their students by preferred pronouns and argued against allowing transgender women to play on women’s sports teams. [86] [242 ] [244] [246]

Youngkin’s first official action as governor was to sign an executive order prohibiting schools in Virginia from teaching critical race theory. The law also prohibits critical race theory from diversity practices. of teachers and any other materials produced by the Virginia Department of Education. [105] The Richmond Times-Dispatch reported that the executive order “targets a variety of initiatives … including the EdEquityVa Initiative, a program aimed at promoting cultural competence in classrooms, higher diversity- teacher differences, and lowering suspension rates for Black students. “[112]

This same executive order canceled the Virginia Mathematics Pathways Initiative, [107] [253] a program developed and proposed by the Northam administration in an effort to both close the race success gap and better equip students. of modern work skills. [254] ] [255] [256] [257] According to The Virginian-Pilot, some critics of the program viewed it as “lowering standards”.[254] Youngkin called the program a “left-wing take on public education”, [253] and many conservatives said it would have eliminated advanced high school math classes-a claim given- Youngkin’s attention during his campaign. James Lane, Virginia Superintendent at the time, and NPR, both disputed this description of the program. [256] [258] [255] [254] The Virginia Math Pathways Initiative would have prioritized data science and data analytics over calculus while still offering students the opportunity to enroll in calculus at an accelerated pace. Although education officials within the Northam administration have explored the potential benefits of detracking students before 11th grade, no plan to do so has ever been adopted, and in April 2021, the officially that the Virginia Math Pathways Initiative is not designed to eliminate advanced math classes at any grade level. [254] [256] [258] [257] Shortly after Youngkin and other conservatives began speaking out against the Virginia Math Pathways Initiative, The Washington Post reported that the actual nature of the program was “covered … [by] prominent Virginians and overwhelming coverage from right-wing news outlet “as” outrage developed online “to those who oppose it. [256]

In early April 2022, Youngkin signed a bill allowing school parents across Virginia to review and opt out of their children on any educational material that contains “sexually explicit content. “; any student who opts out will be given alternative material. [259] [260] [261] This is the first statewide law in the country that allows for parental evaluation of explicit sexual content in the school curriculum. Democrats criticized the bill for taking control of education away from local school systems and argued that its definition of “sexually explicit content” was “very broad”. [262] The bill passed most party lines. [262] A similar bill, known as the “Beloved Bill”, was vetoed by McAuliffe in both 2016 and 2017. That bill, which originated when a conservative activist issued a Beloved inclusion in the class of AP English by his senior son in high school, became one of the focal points of the 2021 Virginia gubernatorial election, [89] [262] and the revival of the bill was identified by The Washington Post as “one of the main promises” of Youngkin’s campaign. [262]

Education budget [edit]

Both Youngkin and McAuliffe campaigned to increase the education budget in Virginia, [242] where teacher salaries consistently lag behind the national average. [263] [264] During the campaign, McAuliffe proposed investing $ 2 billion annually in education and increasing teacher salaries in Virginia above the national average, while Youngkin’s own proposals included $ 100 million a year for the increase. of teacher salaries, $ 200 million for school infrastructure improvements, and more than $ 1 billion for expanding school selection programs. McAuliffe criticized Youngkin for not releasing budget details until late in the campaign and argued that education spending in Virginia could be a threat to the extent of Youngkin’s tax cut proposals. [230] [242] [265] [266]

After the election, outgoing governor Ralph Northam proposed implementing a 10% salary increase for teachers in Virginia over two years; when asked, Youngkin did not specify whether he agreed with the proposal but he reiterated that he shared the overall goal of increasing the teacher’s salary. [263]

Charter schools and lab schools [edit]

While running as governor, Youngkin expressed support for expanding charter schools in the state and set a goal to add at least twenty during his term. [229] [230] After the election, The Richmond-Times Dispatch reported that Youngkin’s actual goal for charter schools was to increase the number in Virginia ”to match North Carolina, which has more than 200.“[134] Only seven charter schools currently exist in Virginia, [267] one of the lowest in the country, [230] and Youngkin supported proposed legislation that would shift the authority to approve new charter schools from local school board to newly created “regional charter school divisions.” These divisions will have nine voting members, eight will be appointed by the Virginia State Board of Education, and one will be appointed by local school boards in within the region. [268]

The state budget signed by Youngkin for 2022 includes $ 100 million for the re -establishment of lab schools in Virginia. [269] [233] [270] These K-12 public schools, separate from charter schools, previously existed in the state and continued to be permitted under Virginia law even before Youngkin took office, but none remained operating in the state at the beginning of the term. by Youngkin. [271] [272] Previous lab schools in Virginia were established as partnerships with institutions of higher learning; only public colleges and universities with teacher training programs are allowed to enter into these partnerships. [271] [272] [273] An amendment introduced by Youngkin in the 2022 state budget removed the requirement that all lab schools in the state act as teacher training programs. It also opened up lab school partnerships that would form community colleges or some private universities. Lieutenant Governor Winsome Sears had to cut a tie vote in the State Senate for an amendment to this budget to be approved by the General Assembly. [269] [233] [270] [222] Youngkin added that it promoted allowing private businesses to enter into lab school partnerships. [271] [272] [274] He said lab schools could be re-established or converted from existing schools [271] [273] and supported legislation that would direct the Virginia State Board of Education to “give great preference” to applications. lab school filed by former black. college or university. Under that law, the same preference will be given to applications aimed at establishing lab schools in “underserved communities”. [274]

Youngkin supports changing how public schools in Virginia are funded, so that per-student funding for any student attending lab schools in the state will go to the institutions that run the schools the students attend. that instead go to public school boards for the districts where those students reside. [222] [275] [232] An amendment proposed by Youngkin for the 2022 state budget would implement this plan but was not approved by the General Assembly. [269] [233] [270] [222] Although both the Virginia Education Association and the Editorial Board of The Free Lance – Star supported Youngkin’s goal of re-establishing lab schools in Virginia, they both also criticized Youngkin’s plan for redirecting funds to each. students away from local school boards, citing that because Virginia law allows lab schools to enroll students from anywhere in the state, the plan could lead to a reduction in funding for some school districts. [275] [276]

School safety [edit]

In April 2022, Youngkin signed House Bill 741 into law mandating all public schools in Virginia to make detailed digital floor plans of their buildings. The law also provides $ 6.5 million dollars to schools to create these floor plans. [277]

In June 2022, shortly after the shooting at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas, Youngkin stressed his support for placing school resource officers in every school in Virginia. [278]

Environment and energy [edit]

Asked if he accepted the scientific consensus on the causes of climate change, Youngkin said he did not know what was causing climate change and that the cause was unrelated. [279] He supports climate change adaptation efforts such as building additional seawalls.[279] [280] While running for governor, Youngkin said he would not have signed Virginia’s Clean Economy Act (which calls for Virginia’s carbon emissions to reach net zero by 2050) because he believes it would raise utility prices. [279] Youngkin is in favor of what he calls an “all -mentioned approach” to energy, saying he supports both renewable energy sources and natural gas. [281]

After winning the election, Youngkin said he would use executive action to withdraw Virginia from the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, a regional carbon cap-and-trade market. Youngkin called the initiative a “carbon tax” and said that removing the initiative would save rate payers an average of approximately $ 50 a year. [282] Democrats have argued that removing the initiative would cut off the source of revenue for the state that raises hundreds of millions of dollars a year; This revenue is used for flood control and to provide energy assistance to low -income payers. [282] On his first day in office, Youngkin signed an executive order requesting a re -evaluation of Virginia’s membership in the initiative. [97] The Washington Post noted that because Virginia entered the initiative through legislative action, Youngkin may have lacked legal authority to withdraw from the initiative without legislative approval. [282] The publication theorized that this legal limitation may be the reason why Youngkin ultimately ordered a re-review of the initiative rather than a departure. [97]

In his 2022 speech at the General Assembly, Youngkin called on the state to better protect against James River pollution, expressed support for ongoing efforts to clean up the Chesapeake Bay, and suggested that the state establish a Coastal Virginia Resiliency Authority to combat sea level rise. levels. [110] [283] Later that year, Youngkin opposed the scope of a bill designed to improve Virginia’s flood preparedness. According to The Washington Post, Youngkin attempted to “gutan” the bill by amending it but was overruled by a unanimous vote of the State Senate. [156]

In April 2022, Youngkin issued an executive order repealing former governor Ralph Northam’s order to ban single-use plastics in executive branch state agencies. Although the replacement order released by Youngkin also ordered state agencies to develop a plan for increasing recycling in Virginia and reducing food waste by companies in the state, the environmental group the mandate, which says only recycling without measures to prevent the sale of the single use. plastic is “an obvious step in the wrong direction that will result in irreversible damage.” [284]

Healthcare [edit]

During Virginia’s 2022 legislative session, Youngkin vetoed bills that would have set a three -year statute of limits on medical debt collection and prohibited health insurance companies from charging higher premiums for in tobacco use. Both bills passed the state legislature with broad bipartisan support. [154] [155] [156] Youngkin explained his veto on the final bill by saying such a policy would cause higher costs for consumers. According to The Washington Post, this claim contradicts national studies showing that the policy will lower costs for consumers. The publication also noted that Youngkin’s veto on that bill was contrary to “a unanimous recommendation of a bipartisan study commission”. [156]

Immigration [edit]

An amendment Youngkin introduced in the 2022 state budget raised $ 10 million over two years planned as financial aid for undocumented immigrants pursuing higher education in Virginia and used the money to rather to increase financial aid for students attending colleges and universities in the history of black Virginia. [232] [285] The amendment was passed by the General Assembly along most party lines.[192] According to The Washington Post, half of the money re-allocated by the amendment will “be used to increase state student aid at Norfolk State and Virginia State universities, which are both public institutions” and half will will be used to “increase Virginia Tuition Assistance Grants, a type of assistance for residents attending private colleges and universities, to $ 7,500 from $ 5,000 a year for students enrolled in historic Black institutions.” [285] Lamont Bagby, chairman of the Virginia Legislative Black Caucus, condemned the amendment, calling it the wrong way to help HBCUs. [285] Some Democrats refer to the amendment as an effort to “dig” two different disadvantaged student groups against each other. [285] [231] The Richmond Times-Dispatch noted that Youngkin could draw from “up to $ 50 million in inappropriate money” in state revenue to help Virginia HBCUs, instead of taking money originally intended to help undocumented immigrants and students. [232]

LGBTQ rights [edit]

Youngkin personally opposes same -sex marriage, but he said he would not interfere in the issue as governor. [286] In an interview with the Associated Press, he said that he considers same-sex marriage “legally acceptable” and that “as governor, [he] will support [legal same-sex marriage].” [287] [288 ] He retained. The governor’s LGBTQ+ Advisory Board but was criticized by members of that board for what they described as his lack of meaningful support for the LGBTQ+ community. [289]

In June 2022, Youngkin expressed some support for LGBTQ+ Pride Month; he hosted “a private Pride reception at the Capitol” but did not invite any of Virginia state’s openly LGBTQ+ lawmakers to the event, which was boycotted by all but one member of the LGBTQ+ Advisory Board and the other LGBTQ+groups. Those who boycotted the event did so because they saw it as inconsistent with Youngkin’s policy stances, which they considered opposition to the LGBTQ+community. [290] [291] [292] That same month, Youngkin led Log Cabin Republicans, an LGBTQ+ Republican group, at the Governor’s Mansion. [289] Youngkin rejected a request from the LGBTQ+ Advisory Board to issue a proclamation recognizing Pride Month. [292] His decision to hold a Pride event was condemned by the socially conservative Family Foundation of Virginia, which wrote that Youngkin’s choice to celebrate Pride Month was “disturbing to many people of faith”. [290]

Marijuana [edit]

In 2022, Youngkin proposed increasing criminal penalties for individuals found to possess more than two ounces of marijuana, from $ 25 fines to criminal misdemeanor penalties. [293] [294] [ 295] Under Youngkin’s proposal, possession of more than two ounces would be a Class 2 misdemeanor, while possession of more than six ounces would be a Class 1 misdemeanor. Possession of more than one pound is classified as a felony under Virginia law, which remains the same under Youngkin’s proposal. [294]

When Virginia legalized limited possession of marijuana under the Northam administration, it became the only U.S. state without misdemeanor penalties for possession of legal value. Youngkin’s proposal to introduce such penalties in exchange for simple fines under the current law was derived from a recommendation made in 2021 by the nonpartisan Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission of the state legislature. [293] [294] [295] Before Youngkin made his proposal, the Democrat -controlled State Senate passed a bill in the 2022 legislature session that would make the possession of more than four ounces of marijuana a Class 3 misdemeanor. That bill, which would also legalize the sale of recreational marijuana in Virginia, was rejected by the Republican-controlled House of Delegates. [294]

Youngkin also proposed raising the legal age for buying CBD products in Virginia to 21 and banning products containing Delta-8 THC, which The Washington Post described as “a hemp-derived compound that has become popular because of its similarity to Delta- 9, the main marijuana compound that gives consumers high.[294]

Voting rights [edit]

As governor, Youngkin continued the work of restoring voting rights to former criminals, an effort that began under Governor Bob McDonnell and then intensified under McDonnell’s immediate successors, McAuliffe and Northam. Virginia is only one of eleven states that does not automatically allow former felons to vote at the end of their sentences. An amendment to the state constitution that would have established automatic restoration of voting rights for acquitted criminals in Virginia passed the legislature in the last year of Northam’s tenure, but changes to the state constitution must which were passed in two consecutive legislative sessions before they were voted on by the public in a referendum, and Republicans in the House of Delegates voted against the amendment during Youngkin’s first year in office. [296]

Personal life [edit]

Prior to taking office, Youngkin lived in Great Falls, Virginia, with his wife, Suzanne, and their four children. [297]

In September 2021, Youngkin had an estimated net worth of $ 440 million; [298] he contributed $ 20 million of his own money to his career as governor. [299] Although he said he would release summaries of his tax returns before the election, he did not release them until after the election and he did not release his actual tax returns. The summaries have not been independently verified. [300] [301] As governor, he put some, but not all, of his financial assets in a blind trust. Assets he has not placed in a blind trust include stock in several companies operating in Virginia. Youngkin said he would give his full salary to the governor, $ 175,000 a year, to charities. [301] In April 2022, he announced that he would donate his salary for the first quarter of that year to the Virginia Law Enforcement Assistance Program, an organization dedicated to helping first responders who have experienced trauma. [302]

As a college basketball player, Youngkin’s height is listed as 6 feet 7 inches; he now gives his height as 6 feet 5 inches. [303] [299]

In early 2022, Youngkin received an honorary degree from the College of William and Mary. [304]

Youngkin and his wife helped establish Holy Trinity Church, which first met in their basement in McLean, Virginia. [305] [306] Youngkins built a private foundation-owned property on which stood the church and a farm in Middleburg, Virginia that served as a Christian retreat. [45] [299] The Holy Trinity describes itself as a “non-denominational church with Anglican roots and a contemporary charismatic expression.” [307]

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