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Laura Hand Bio, Wiki, Age, Height, Husband, Children, Nbc 3 -Wstm-Tv, Resigns, Salary And Net Worth? The 195 New Answer

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Biography of Laura Hand

Laura Hand is an American news anchor and community affairs director. She is best known for having worked as a news anchor on Weekend Today in central New York on Saturdays and Sunday mornings at NBC 3-WSTM-TV for five decades before her departure on October 12, 2019. Laura was also a host and producer on NBC’s Monday Night Answer Desk segments of 3 called or emailed viewers questions on specific topics of concern to a panel of experts.

Table of Contents

10 Facts About Laura Hand

Name: Laura Hand.

Age: Being verified.

Birthday: Will be checked.

Height: Will be checked.

Weight: Will be checked.

Nationality: American.

Marital status: Will be checked.

Occupation: journalist.

Salary: $24,292 and $72,507.

Net Worth: $1-10 million.

Laura Hand Age

Laura’s age, date of birth and birthday are not publicly available. We will update this section as soon as this information becomes available.

Laura Hand Height

Laura has an estimated height of 5ft 7in.

Laura Hand Weight

Details of his actual weight and other body measurements are not publicly available at this time. We will update this section as information becomes available.

Laura Hand Education

Laura came to the news network while attending Syracuse University. During the 1969-70 school year she was news director at WAER-FM. She spent the following summer as editor of the Report to the Mdle East at Voice of America in Washington.

Laura received a degree in journalism and political science in 1971. She then worked as a news reporter at WFBL radio for two years.

Laura Hand  Family

Laura was born and raised by her parents in the United States. Our efforts to find out more about her family have been unsuccessful as such information is not publicly available. Therefore, the entity of Laura’s parents is still unclear. It is also not known if she has siblings. We will update this section as soon as this information becomes available.

Laura Hand Husband

Laura has not gone public with her relationship, it is not publicly known if she is married or in a relationship. Their partner’s information will be updated as information becomes available.

Laura Hand Children

We currently have no information about Laura’s children. We will update this section as information about their children emerges.

Laura Hand Salary

Laura used to earn an average annual salary of between $24,292 and $72,507. This equates to an average hourly wage of between $10.15 and $31.32. This corresponds to our average salary estimate for a journalist in the United States. However, these numbers can vary significantly depending on the employee’s seniority. We don’t have an exact salary at the moment, but we will update this section as soon as the information becomes available.

Laura Hand Net Worth

Laura’s net worth is not publicly available. Her main source of income is her career as a journalist. We believe Laura has been able to build a good fortune through her various sources of income, but prefers to keep it private. We will update this section as soon as this information becomes available.

Laura hand measurements and facts

Here are some interesting facts and body measurements you should know about Laura.

Laura Hand Wiki

Full Name: Laura Hand.

Popular as: Laura.

Gender Female.

Profession / Occupation: Journalist.

Nationality: American.

Race/Ethnicity: Will be updated.

Religion: Will be updated.

Sexual orientation: Hetero.

Laura Hand Birthday

Age / How old?: Updating.

Zodiac: Will be updated.

Date of Birth: Will be updated.

Place of Birth: United States.

Birthday: Will be updated.

Laura Hand Body Measurements

Body Measurements: Will be updated.

Height / How tall?: 5ft 7in.

Weight: Moderate.

Eye Color: Will be updated.

Hair Color: Blonde.

Shoe Size: Will be updated.

Laura Hand Family and Relationship

Father (Father): Will be updated.

Mother: Will be updated.

Siblings (brothers and sisters): Will be updated.

Marital Status: Will be updated.

Husband/Spouse: Will be updated.

Dating/Friend: Updating.

Children: Will be updated.

Laura Hand Net Worth and Salary

Net worth: Will be verified.

Salary: Under review.

Source of Income: Will be verified.

Laura Hand NBC 3 -WSTM-TV

Laura is best known for being a news anchor on Weekend Today in Central New York for five decades, Saturday and Sunday mornings on NBC 3 before she signed off on October 12, 2019. In addition to hosting Channel 3’s lunchtime news, she co-hosted the program every day.

She also hosted and produced Our Community every Sunday, produces and writes the community calendar feature 3 in Touch, and is the web content manager for CNY Entertainment at wstm.com. Laura was an early morning news anchor and producer/host for public affairs documentaries a few years ago.

She also hosted and produced NBC 3’s Monday Night Answer Desk segments, in which viewers can call or email questions about specific topics that concern them to a panel of experts. In November 2017, Laura celebrated her 45th anniversary on NBC 3. Peter Hall is also the morning meteorologist for NBC-3 Today in central New York, first weekdays from 4 a.m. to 7 a.m. and through the Today Show until m-morning.

Laura Hand Retires

Laura canceled the air for the last time on October 12, 2019, ending a five-decade career in broadcast journalism. She was the first female reporter for NBC3 News (WSTM-TV) and one of the country’s first female television journalists when she began her career 47 years ago on election night in 1972.

She announced her retirement in August 2019 and sa goodbye at CNY Central Station on Saturday.

Laura Hand Awards and Achievements

Laura was undoubtedly a good journalist. Laura has received numerous awards for all these activities.

She was named SU Outstanding Alumna in 1992; She received the Marguerite Higgins Journalism Prize for reporting on the Gulf War; a National Merit Award from the Community Action Network for the “Feed the Hungry” campaign in 1994; three awards from the Associated Press and 10 from the Syracuse Press Club, including two SPC Professional Standards Awards. Laura is included in the Who’s Who of American Women.

Frequently asked questions about Laura Hand

Who is Laura Hand?

Laura is an American news anchor and community affairs director. She is best known for having worked as a news anchor on Weekend Today in central New York on Saturdays and Sunday mornings at NBC 3-WSTM-TV for five decades before her departure on October 12, 2019. Laura was also a host and producer on NBC’s Monday Night Answer Desk segments of 3 called or emailed viewers questions on specific topics of concern to a panel of experts.

How old is Laura Hand?

Laura was born in the United States, she has not shared her date of birth with the public as it is not documented anywhere as of 2020.

How tall is Laura Hand?

Laura has an estimated height of 5ft 7in.

Is Laura Hand married?

Details of Laura’s love life are still under investigation. We’ll let you know when she starts a relationship or when we discover helpful information about her love life.

How much is Laura Hand worth?

Laura has yet to reveal her net worth. We will update this section as we receive and verify information about the assets and properties under her name.

How much does Laura make?

Laura Hand’s annual salary is estimated to be between US$24,292 and US$72,507, or an average hourly wage of between US$10.15 and US$31.32. This corresponds to our average salary estimate for a journalist in the United States

Is Laura dead or alive?

Laura is alive and in good health. There were no reports that she was ill or had any health problems.

Where is Laura now?

Syracuse television host Laura Hand signed on for the final time on October 12, 2019, ending a five-decade career in broadcast journalism.

Laura Hand Social Media Contacts

Instagram.

Twitter.

Facebook.

youtube.

tick tock

Website.

What is Laura Ingraham’s maiden name?

Laura Ingraham
Born Laura Anne Ingraham June 19, 1963 Glastonbury, Connecticut, U.S.
Education Dartmouth College (BA) University of Virginia (JD)
Political party Republican
Children 3

Does Dr Laura have a sister?

Is Laura Ingle married?

Who is the CEO of wiki?

Jimmy Donal Wales (born August 7, 1966), also known on Wikipedia by the pseudonym Jimbo, is an American-British Internet entrepreneur, webmaster, and former financial trader. He is a co-founder of the online non-profit encyclopedia Wikipedia and the for-profit web hosting company Wikia, later renamed Fandom.

How old is Shannon Bream?

What nationality is Jesse Watters?

Jesse Bailey Watters (born July 9, 1978) is an American conservative political commentator on Fox News.

Does Dr. Laura have grandchildren?

Hi, Dr. Laura, I heard a call from a lady asking about whether or not she had to include her son’s wife’s three children from a previous relationship along with her two natural grandchildren. I sat back and said a prayer of gratitude about my situation.

What happened to Dr. Laura’s mom?

LOS ANGELES (AP) _ The mother of radio talk show host Dr. Laura was not murdered, as police originally thought, but died of natural causes, the county coroner’s office has concluded.

Is Dr. Laura really a doctor?

Dr. Laura holds a Ph. D. in physiology from Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, and received her post-doctoral certification in Marriage, Family, and Child Counseling from the University of Southern California.

Who is Laura Ingles husband?

Where is Laura Ingle from?

Is Sandra Smith married?

Is Jimmy Wales rich?

Jimmy Wales New Worth and salary: Jimmy Wales is an American Internet entrepreneur who has a net worth of $1.5 million. Jimmy Wales is an American-British Internet entrepreneur who co-founded the online non-profit encyclopedia, Wikipedia, and the for-profit web-hosting company, Wikia.

How old is Katherine Maher?

Does Wikipedia make a profit?

Wikipedia is the dominant website on the internet. It is a non-profit, open project that has funded twelve other projects.


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Laura Ingraham

American conservative radio and television host

Laura Anne Ingraham (born June 19, 1963)[1][2] is an American conservative television presenter. [3] She has been the presenter of The Ingraham Angle on Fox News Channel and Editor-in-Chief of LifeZette since October 2017. She formerly hosted the nationally syndicated radio show, The Laura Ingraham Show.

Ingraham served as a speechwriter in the Reagan administration in the late 1980s. She then earned a J.D. degree and went on to work as a clerk at the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York and then for United States Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas. She also worked for the law firm of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom in New York City. Ingraham began her media career in the mid-1990s.

Early Life and Education

Ingraham grew up in Glastonbury, Connecticut, where she was born to Anne Caroline (née Kozak) and James Frederick Ingraham III.[5] Her maternal grandparents were Polish immigrants and her father was of Irish and English descent. She graduated from Glastonbury High School in 1981.

In 1985, Ingraham earned a B.A. from Dartmouth College. She then attended the University of Virginia School of Law, where she was a note editor for the Virginia Law Review.[7] In 1991 she graduated with a Juris Doctor.[8] In April 2022, one of her tweets meant to criticize the granting of student loans[9] instead inadvertently drew widespread attention and ridicule[10] when she revealed that she told her mother, aged 73, who was still working as a waitress, had paid off her student loans for her by 1993/94, although by that time she had already left school for a number of years and was presumably earning more than the salary of a waitress at the New York law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom.

Career

Ingraham at a political conference in December 2018

In the late 1980s, Ingraham worked as a speechwriter in the Reagan administration for the domestic policy adviser.[12] She was also briefly the editor of The Prospect, the magazine edited by Concerned Alumni of Princeton. In 1991, after graduating from law school, she worked as a clerk for Judge Ralph K. Winter Jr. at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in New York and then worked for US Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas. She then worked as an attorney at the New York law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom.[13] In 1995, she appeared on the cover of The New York Times Magazine in connection with a story about young conservatives.[14]

In 1996, she and Jay P. Lefkowitz organized the first Dark Ages Weekend in response to Renaissance Weekend.[15]

TV show presenter

Ingraham has served as a cable television presenter three times. In 1996 she became a presenter on MSNBC for the first time.[16] In the late 1990s she became a CBS commentator and host of the MSNBC show Watch It!.[17] A few years later, Ingraham began promoting another cable television show on her radio program. In 2008, Fox News Channel gave her a three-week trial run for a new show entitled Just In. In October 2017, she became the presenter of a new Fox News Channel show, The Ingraham Angle.[20]

Host of a radio show

Ingraham launched The Laura Ingraham Show in April 2001.[21] The show was heard on 306 stations and on XM Satellite Radio. It was originally syndicated by Westwood One but moved to Talk Radio Network in 2004. In November 2012, she announced her departure from the Talk Radio Network and declined to renew her contract with TRN after being associated with the network for nearly a decade. She was the second major presenter from TRN’s cast to leave the network that year: TRN’s other major program, The Savage Nation, left TRN two months earlier. Her new program, syndicated by Courtside Entertainment Group, began airing on January 2, 2013 and went off the air in December 2018.[23] Ingraham continues to produce podcast material for Courtside’s PodcastOne division.[24]

LifeZette

LifeZette is an American conservative website founded in 2015 by Ingraham and businessman Peter Anthony.[25] In January 2018, Ingraham confirmed that she had sold the majority stake in LifeZette to The Katz Group, owned by Canadian billionaire Daryl Katz.[26]

views and controversies

In 2017, Ingraham was described by The New York Times as a “passionate nationalist.”[27] She is known for her strong support for Donald Trump.[27][28] During his presidency, she acted as an informal adviser to the administration and disregarded journalistic ethical norms.[29] In 2014, she was a harsh critic of the then-proposed immigration reform[27][30], saying that allowing more immigrant workers into the United States would be “obscene to the American experience”.[30] She opposed the US Senate’s proposed 2013 comprehensive immigration reform plan.[31] Ingraham has said that she influenced Ronald Reagan, Robert Bork and Pat Buchanan.[27]

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Ingraham has been described as “no stranger to generating controversy” by Variety[32] and a “name brand provocateur” by Politico.[33] Business Insider has called Ingraham’s on-air style “immersive in debates about racism and gun violence.”[34]

In June 2019, Ingraham ridiculed reports that Trump postponed his attendance at the D-Day commemoration activities in order to sit down for an interview with her, emphatically dismissing them as “manifestly false — fake news,” despite the video of the interview Trump in which he said, “These people are so great, and what they don’t know is that I’m stopping them for this interview, but that’s because it’s you.”[35]

Ingraham has promoted conspiracy theories on issues such as the COVID-19 pandemic[36] and the 2021 attack on the US Capitol.[37][38]

homosexuality

In her senior year at Dartmouth College, during her tenure as editor-in-chief of the independent campus newspaper The Dartmouth Review, [39] Ingraham wrote several controversial articles. She sent an undercover reporter to an on-campus Gay Students Association meeting in 1984 and was later criticized when, despite an oath of confidentiality read to attendees, Ingraham released a transcript of the meeting and described the attendees’ names as “cheerleaders for latent campus sodomites”.[40][41] Ingraham claimed that the confidentiality did not apply because the meeting was announced and defended the gay students’ coming out as a “freedom of the press issue.”[40]

Jeffrey Hart, The Dartmouth Review’s faculty advisor, described Ingraham as having “the most extreme anti-gay views imaginable” and claimed “she went so far as to avoid a local restaurant where she feared the waiters would be homosexual”. [43]

In 1997, Ingraham wrote an essay in The Washington Post, stating that she changed her views on homosexuality after seeing “the dignity, fidelity, and courage” with which her gay brother Curtis and his partner dealt with the latter have been diagnosed with AIDS; Curtis’ partner eventually died from the disease. Curtis, on the other hand, has called his sister “a monster” and said she was influenced by her father, whom he described as a Nazi sympathizer and an abusive alcoholic.[44] Ingraham has stated that she supports civil partnerships between same-sex partners, but believes marriage “is between a man and a woman”.[45]

immigration and diversity

Ingraham holds anti-immigrant views.[46][47] In 2014, she condemned House Majority Leader Eric Cantor after he expressed support for the DREAM Act and a GOP bill to give young immigrants a path to citizenship.[48] At this time, Cantor faced a major challenge from Dave Brat, which he would later lose. According to The New York Times, “Few people did more than Ms. Ingraham to propel Mr. Brat … out of obscurity into national conservative hero.”[50] Ingraham said the race “will go down as one of the most significant rejections of the established immigration reform that I’ve seen in my 20 years as a politician”,[51] and that by the outcome of the race, “immigration reform is DOA”.[52] That same year, Ingraham slammed Republican Congresswoman Renee Elmers for expressing support for a comprehensive immigration law that included a path to citizenship for the 11 million undocumented immigrants who were in the country at the time.[ 53][54] In an interview with Elmers, Ingraham accused Elmers of supporting amnesty and using liberal talking points, saying her arguments were “angry to my listeners”.

In September 2014, Ingraham claimed that President Obama sent aid to Africa during the 2014 Ebola outbreak and exposed Americans to the virus because of his guilt of “colonialism.”[55]

In September 2017, amid reports that Trump was considering an agreement with the Democrats for an amnesty for about 800,000 DREAMER, Ingraham criticized Trump, tweeting, “Without a real wage increase in 15 years, when will the American working class get and who will send their children to overcrowded public schools.” ? Amnesty?”[56] In July 2018, Ingraham slammed Republican Congressman Kevin Yoder after he expressed his support for a Democratic law that reversed Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ order that immigration judges prosecute asylum seekers fleeing domestic violence , are not allowed to grant asylum Gang violence in their home country.[57] She urged the congressman to “stop selling out the Trump agenda.”[57]

On the June 18, 2018, show The Ingraham Angle, Ingraham compared detention facilities, where children separated by the Trump administration from their illegally immigrant parents are held, to “summer camps” that are “resembling boarding schools.”[58][ 59][60] ] She further described the criticism of the family separation policy as “false liberal outrage”.[58][61] Ingraham had described the border crossings as a “slow invasion of the United States”.[62] Ingraham’s comments followed an MSNBC report by Jacob Soboroff that aired June 14, 2018. The report described the setup of a Texas detention facility as a “dormitory structure” with a cafeteria and four-bed rooms. 64] The day after Ingraham’s comments aired, school shooting survivor and activist David Hogg tried to renew the boycott of companies advertising on The Ingraham Angle, but the show stopped losing advertisers.

Ingraham opposes the changing racial demographics of the United States.[67][68][69] In August 2018, in what The Washington Post dubbed an expression of “white fear,”[70] she stated, “In some parts of the country, it seems as if the America we know and love no longer exists. There have been massive demographic changes that have been forced upon the American people, and they are changes that none of us have ever voted for and most of us don’t like…much of it has to do with illegal and, of course, legal immigration in some cases , love progressives.”[71][72]

Various commentators have criticized Ingraham’s remarks, with The Atlantic claiming that she was alluding to the US becoming “less white with each passing year”.[73] Many outlets argued that it reflected white nationalist rhetoric or constituted a “white nationalist tirade” itself. Ingraham’s comments have been corroborated by David Duke.[77][78][79] In response, Ingraham called Duke a “racist freak whose name I won’t even mention.”[80] Some mainstream media outlets have described Ingraham’s views as proponents of the white genocide conspiracy theory. In her Aug. 9, 2018 monologue from Ingraham Angle, Ingraham stated that she does not speak about “race or ethnicity,” and continued, “Something is slipping in this country and it’s not about race or ethnicity, it’s a common understanding of both parties, that American citizenship is a privilege and one that requires, at a minimum, respect for the rule of law and loyalty to our Constitution.”[83]

In October 2018, Ingraham urged her audience to vote Republican in the upcoming midterm elections, saying that Democrats “wish to replace you, American voters, with newly amnesty citizens and an ever-increasing number of chain migrants.”[84]

In May 2019, Ingraham featured a graphic on her show of “celebrity voices who have been censored on social media,” including “people who believe in border enforcement, people who believe in national sovereignty.” Among those listed was Paul Nehlen, known for numerous anti-Semitic remarks, who was banned from Twitter after making racist remarks about Meghan Markle, wife of Prince Harry.[85][86]

In June 2019, she circulated unsubstantiated claims that asylum seekers to the United States could carry the Ebola virus.[87]

“Shut up and dribble”

In February 2018, Ingraham was criticized for making derogatory comments about NBA players LeBron James and Kevin Durant not speaking out on politics. Ingraham stated, “It’s always unwise to take political advice from someone who’s being paid $100 million a year to bounce a ball” and that basketball stars should “shut up and dribble”. Her comments came the week after James’ interview with ESPN’s Cari Champion, in which James opened up about his personal life as well as politics and stated that he found the president’s statements “ridiculous and scary”. Ingraham characterized James’ comments as “barely understandable” and “ungrammatical.”[88]

Ingraham made the following statement on the subject, which TheWrap received: “In 2003, I wrote a New York Times bestseller entitled ‘Shut Up & Sing,’ in which I criticized celebrities like the Dixie Chicks and Barbra Streisand, who put down then-President George W. Bush. I’ve used a variation of this title for more than 15 years in response to artists rambling on about politics. I told Robert De Niro to say “Shut Up & Act,” Jimmy Kimmel, “Shut Up & Act, Make Us Laugh,” and just this week, Gregg Popovich of the San Antonio Spurs said to “Stop shut up and coach”. If professional athletes and entertainers want to freelance political experts, then don’t be surprised if they are subpoenaed for insulting politicians. My comments were not meant to be racist – false, defamatory allegations of racism are an apparent attempt to immunize entertainment and sporting elites examination and criticism. Also, on my show, we explained that those comments were from an ESPN podcast, which was not the case – the content was not affiliated with ESPN.”[89][88][90] In 2020, when Drew Brees, a white athlete who criticized protesters who knelt during the US national anthem, Ingraham was attacked for reversing course and supporting his right to free speech, something she had not supported in the earlier case involving African-American athletes.[91]

In March 2018, Ingraham’s show was boycotted by 27 sponsors[92] after it mocked David Hogg, a 17-year-old survivor of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, for allegedly complaining about being rejected from four colleges be.[93] In response, Hogg published a list of Ingraham’s advertisers and called for a boycott,[94] accusing them of cyberbullying.[94] After several advertisers left the show, [95] [96] [97] Ingraham apologized, [98] which Hogg dismissed as disingenuous. [99] Advertising time during the show decreased by up to 52 percent.[100][101][102] After Ingraham returned from a vacation following the boycott, her programming achieved its best-ever ratings, 25% more viewers and a 36% increase in its key demographic of 25-54 year olds.[103] As of October 2018, companies continued to avoid Ingraham’s show despite the increase in ratings.[104]

China

In August 2019, Ingraham condemned China’s “brutal violations of basic human rights” and China’s Xinjiang re-education camps for Muslim ethnic minorities.[105][106]

Israel

Ingraham is a supporter of Israel, which she has called “one of our closest allies.” She criticized Ilhan Omar’s description of Israel as an apartheid regime.[107]

Covid-19 pandemic

During the coronavirus pandemic, Ingraham repeatedly pushed for the unproven drug hydroxychloroquine to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).[108] She called it a miracle drug and booked guests on her show to promote the drug.[108] She mocked Robert R. Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, after he warned about the drug.[108] After a study was published testing the drug in 368 Veterans Affairs patients and showing that the drug was associated with an increased risk of death, it attacked the study as “shoddy,” “shockingly irresponsible,” and “agenda-driven.”[108 ] She asked if attempts to “disprove” the drug’s “effectiveness” “were prompted by sheer hatred of Trump? On Fox? At me?”[108] On June 15, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration revoked the emergency use approval of hydroxychloroquine (and chloroquine). The FDA said that a review of some studies showed that the drugs’ potential benefits in treating COVID-19 did not outweigh their risks.[109]

In May 2020, Ingraham criticized the requirement for people to wear face masks in public to stop the spread of the coronavirus.[110]

She gave airtime to Harmeet Dhillon, a Republican agent who was filing lawsuits against California to stop implementation of stay-at-home orders intended to stop the spread of the coronavirus. She hailed her as “the leader in keeping Gavin Newsom’s power grabs in check.”[111]

In October 2020, Ingraham and guest Victor Davis Hanson spread misinformation about New Zealand’s response to the pandemic on their show. Referring to a “startling new response” months old, she dubbed New Zealand’s managed isolation facilities “camps” when in reality they are lavish hotels.[112][113][114]

Ingraham was an early media advocate of the antiparasitic drug ivermectin to treat COVID-19 (a use not recommended by the FDA) and promoted a conspiracy theory that doctors and officials were “slandering, dismissing, demeaning and, frankly, lying about, the efficacy of these drugs”.[36]

2021 attack on the US Capitol

After the storming of the United States Capitol by Trump supporters on January 6, 2021, Ingraham was among those who put forward the conspiracy theory that individuals associated with Antifa were responsible for the attack.[115][116 ]

She later mocked four members of the Capitol Police and DC Police who had responded directly to the riot on her show after they testified before House lawmakers on July 27, 2021.

During the storming of the Capitol, Ingraham wrote to Trump’s Chief of Staff Mark Meadows: “Mark, the President needs to tell the people in the Capitol to go home. This hurts us all. He destroys his legacy.” 121]

That same evening, during her FOX show, Ingraham Angle, she downplayed the involvement of Trump supporters, explaining, “They probably weren’t all Trump supporters. You saw it in some of those crowdshots.” Her previous text to Meadows contradicts it this statement.[122]

Personal life

Ingraham attended a Baptist church until the age of 12 and later converted to Roman Catholicism.[123] She studied Spanish and Russian.[124][125]

Ingraham has dated George Conway[126] and Dinesh D’Souza[127], also Conservatives.

In April 2005, Ingraham announced that she had undergone breast cancer treatment.[128]

She is a single mother of three children: a girl from Guatemala, adopted in 2008,[129] a boy from Russia, adopted in 2009,[130] and a second boy, adopted from Russia in 2011.

Is working

See also

Jimmy Wales

Wikipedia co-founder (born 1966)

Jimmy Donal Wales (born August 7, 1966), also known by the pseudonym Jimbo on Wikipedia, is an American-British[4] Internet entrepreneur, webmaster, and former financial trader.[3] He is co-founder of the non-profit online encyclopedia Wikipedia[6] and the for-profit web hosting company Wikia, later renamed Fandom.[7] Wales has collaborated on other online projects including Bomis, Nupedia, WikiTribune and WT Social.

Wales was born in Huntsville, Alabama, where he attended the Randolph School, a college preparatory school. He earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees in finance from Auburn University and the University of Alabama, respectively.[9] In graduate school, Wales taught at two universities; However, he left the company before completing his PhD to take a job in finance and later worked as a research director for a futures and options firm in Chicago.

In 1996, Wales and two partners founded Bomis, a web portal best known for adult content. Bomis provided initial funding for the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia Nupedia (2000–2003). On January 15, 2001, Wales, along with Larry Sanger and others, launched Wikipedia, a free, open-content encyclopedia that has enjoyed rapid growth and great popularity. As Wikipedia’s public profile grew, he became its promoter and spokesperson. Although historically credited as a co-founder, he has denied this and has declared himself the sole founder.[11][12]

Wales serves on the board of trustees of the Wikimedia Foundation, the charity he helped set up to power Wikipedia, and holds the board-appointed seat of ‘Founder of the Community’. For his role in creating Wikipedia, the world’s largest encyclopedia, Time named him one of the “100 Most Influential People Alive” in 2006.[13]

Early Life and Education

Wales was born just before midnight on August 7, 1966 in Huntsville, Alabama; However, his birth certificate lists August 8 as his date of birth.[14][Better source needed][15] His father, Jimmy Sr.[16] worked as a grocery store manager, while his mother, Doris Ann (née Dudley) and grandmother, Erma, ran the House of Learning,[17][9] a small private school in the one-room schoolhouse tradition where Wales and his three siblings raised their received early education.[17][18] ]

As a child, Wales loved to read.[7] When he was three years old, his mother bought a World Book Encyclopedia from a door-to-door dealer. It became an object of reverence as he grew up and learned to read, but Wales soon discovered that the World Book had flaws: no matter how much it said, there were many more things that weren’t. World Book sent out stickers for owners to stick on the pages to update the encyclopedia and Wales made sure to use the stickers, saying: “I joke that I started revising the encyclopedia when I was a kid, by buying my mother’s with stickers on them.”[19]

During an interview with Brian Lamb in 2005, Wales described his private school as having a “Montessori-influenced educational philosophy” in which he “spent many hours poring over the Britannicas and World Book Encyclopedias”. There were only four other children in the Wales class, so the school grouped first through fourth graders and fifth through eighth graders together. As an adult, Wales was harshly critical of the government’s treatment of the school, citing the state’s “constant meddling and bureaucracy and very snobbish inspectors” as a formative influence on his political philosophy.

After eighth grade, Wales attended the Randolph School,[21][22][23][24] a college prep school in Huntsville, graduating at sixteen.[25] Wales said school was expensive for his family but that “education has always been a passion in my household…you know, the very traditional approach to knowledge and learning and establishing that as the basis of a good life.”[ 20 ] He received his bachelor’s degree in finance from Auburn University in 1986.[9] He began his Auburn education at the age of 16. Wales then entered the PhD finance program at the University of Alabama before departing with a master’s degree to enter the PhD finance program at Indiana University. At the University of Alabama he played internet fantasy games and developed his interest in the internet.[9] During his postgraduate studies he taught at both universities, but due to boredom he did not write the dissertation required for a doctorate.[18][20]

Career

Chicago Options Associates and Bomis

Staff at Welsh internet company Bomis photographed in the summer of 2000. Wales is third from left in the back row with Christine Rohan.

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In 1994, Wales accepted a position with Chicago Options Associates, a futures and options trading firm in Chicago, Illinois. Wales described himself as an early Internet addict and wrote computer code in his spare time. While studying in Alabama, he became an obsessive player of multi-user dungeons (MUDs)—a type of virtual role-playing game—and in the process experienced the potential of computer networks to foster large-scale community projects.[25][25][]28]

Inspired by Netscape’s remarkably successful IPO in 1995, and after raising capital by ‘speculating on interest rate and currency fluctuations’, [17] Wales decided to leave the financial trading arena and become an internet entrepreneur. 25] In 1996 he and two partners founded Bomis,[17][29] a web portal with user-generated web rings and occasionally erotic photographs.[30] Wales described it as a “boy-oriented search engine” with a market similar to that of Maxim magazine; [18] [20] [31] the Bomis venture ultimately proved unsuccessful. [17] [18] 32]

Nupedia and the origins of Wikipedia

Although Bomis was struggling to make money at the time, it secured the funding for Wales to pursue his greater passion, an online encyclopedia.[18] In the early 1990s, while moderating an online discussion group dedicated to the philosophy of objectivism, Wales had met Larry Sanger, a skeptic of philosophy.[7] The two had had an extensive debate on the subject on the Wales list and then Sanger’s, eventually meeting offline to continue the debate and become friends.[7] Years later, after deciding to continue his encyclopedia project and seeking a respected academic to direct it,[28] Wales hired Sanger—then a graduate student in philosophy at Ohio State University—as editor-in-chief. and in March 2000, Nupedia (“the free encyclopedia”), a peer-reviewed, open-content encyclopedia, was launched. The intention behind Nupedia was to have entries written by experts on a variety of topics and to sell ads alongside the entries to make a profit.[7] The project was characterized by an extensive peer-review process aimed at bringing its articles to a quality comparable to specialist encyclopedias.[33]

The idea was for thousands of volunteers to write articles in all languages ​​for an online encyclopedia. Initially we found that we organized the work in a very top-down, structured, academic and old-fashioned way. It wasn’t fun for the volunteer writers because we had a lot of academic review committees critiqued articles and giving feedback. It was like submitting an essay in graduate school, and it was basically intimidating to take part in. Jimmy Wales on the Nupedia project New Scientist, January 31, 2007[34]

In an October 2009 speech, Wales recalled trying to write a Nupedia article on Nobel Prize-winning economist Robert C. Merton, but was too intimidated to submit his first draft to the distinguished finance professors who were to review it, although he had published a paper on option pricing theory and was familiar with the subject. Wales credited this as the moment he realized the Nupedia model would not work.[35]

In January 2001, Sanger was introduced to the concept of a wiki by extreme programming enthusiast Ben Kovitz after he explained to Kovitz the slow pace of growth Nupedia had endured as a result of its arduous submission process.[36] Kovitz suggested that adopting the wiki model would allow editors to contribute concurrently and incrementally throughout the project, overcoming Nupedia’s bottleneck.[36] Sanger loved the idea and after proposing it to Wales, they created the first Nupedia wiki on January 10, 2001.[36] The wiki was originally intended as a community project for the public to write articles, which were then reviewed by Nupedia’s volunteer experts for publication. However, the majority of Nupedia experts wanted nothing to do with this project, fearing that mixing amateur content with professionally researched and edited material would compromise the integrity of Nupedia’s information and affect the credibility of the encyclopedia.[37] The wiki project, called “Wikipedia” by Sanger,[11] went live on a separate domain five days after it was created.[27][32]

Wikipedia

Originally, Bomis planned to turn Wikipedia into a profitable business.[40] Sanger initially saw Wikipedia primarily as a tool to support the development of Nupedia. Wales feared that at worst it could produce “complete rubbish”.[27] To the surprise of Sanger and Wales, within days of launch, the number of articles on Wikipedia had outgrown Nupedia, and a small collective of editors had formed.[26][28] It was Jimmy Wales, along with other people, who came up with the broader idea of ​​a collaborative, open-source encyclopedia that would accept contributions from ordinary people.[41] Initially, neither Sanger nor Wales knew what to expect from the Wikipedia initiative.[27][28] Many of the site’s early contributors were familiar with the model of the free culture movement, and many of them, like Wales, were sympathetic to the open source movement.[37]

Wales has said that he was initially so concerned about the concept of open editing, where anyone can edit the encyclopedia, that he would wake up at night and monitor what was being added.[42][43] Nonetheless, the cadre of early editors helped create a robust, self-regulating community that has proven conducive to the project’s growth.[18] Speaking at SXSW in 2016, he recalled writing the first words on Wikipedia: “Hello world,” a phrase computer programmers often use to test new software.[44]

Sanger developed Wikipedia in its early phase and led the project.[11][45] As for the broader idea, which he originally credits to other people, he noted in a 2005 paper for Slashdot that “the idea of ​​an open-source, collaborative encyclopedia, open to contribution by ordinary people, excluding Jimmy’s, not mine, and funding came exclusively from Bomis…Of course, other people had the idea,” he added: “The actual development of this encyclopedia was the task he set me to work on.”[46] Sanger worked on and promoted both the Nupedia and as well as the Wikipedia project, until Bomis stopped funding his position in February 2002;[47] Sanger resigned as Editor-in-Chief of Nupedia and as “main organizer” of Wikipedia on March 1 of this year.[48][49] Yes Early on, Bomis provided the financial backing for Wikipedia[45][50] and considered running ads on Wikipedia before cutting costs with Sanger’s departure and instead making plans for a charitable pen ung were advanced.[40]

Controversy over Wales’ status as co-founder

Wales has said that he is the sole founder of Wikipedia and has publicly denied Sanger’s appointment as co-founder. Sanger and Wales were identified as co-founders as early as September 2001 by The New York Times and as founders in Wikipedia’s first press release in January 2002.[52][53] In August of the same year, Wales identified itself as a “co-founder” of Wikipedia.[54] Sanger has compiled a number of links on his personal website that appear to confirm Sanger and Wales’ status as co-founders.[11] For example, Sanger and Wales are cited historically or described as co-founders in early news and press releases.[11] Wales was quoted by The Boston Globe as calling Sanger’s testimony “absurd” in February 2006[56] and calling “the whole debate” “silly” in an April 2009 interview.[57] In 2013, Wales told the New York Times that the dispute was “the dumbest controversy in the history of the world.”[58]

In late 2005, Wales edited his own biographical entry on English Wikipedia. Writer Rogers Cadenhead drew attention to logs showing that Wales had removed references to Sanger as a co-founder of Wikipedia in its changes to the page. Sanger commented, “After seeing edits like this, Jimmy seems like he’s trying to rewrite history. 61] It was also observed that Wales had modified references to Bomis in a way that has been characterized as downplaying the sexual nature of some of his former company’s products.[27][31] Although Wales argued that his changes were only to improve the accuracy of the content, he apologized for editing his own biography, a practice widely discouraged on Wikipedia.

role

In a 2004 interview with Slashdot, Wales outlined his vision for Wikipedia: “Imagine a world where every single person on the planet has free access to the sum total of all human knowledge. That’s what we do.”[62] Although his formal appointment as Board Member and Chair Emeritus of the Wikimedia Foundation, Wales’ social capital within the Wikipedia community, has bestowed on him a status that has been recognized as a benevolent dictator, constitutional monarch and spiritual leader.[63][64][65] In two interviews with The Guardian in 2014, Wales explained his role on Wikipedia. In the first interview, he said that while he had “always rejected” the term “benevolent dictator,” he referred to himself as a “constitutional monarch.” In the second, he explained his designation as “constitutional monarch” and said that like the Queen of the United Kingdom, Elizabeth II, he had no real power.[1][66] He was also closest to a spokesperson for the project in its early years.[7] The growth and popularity of Wikipedia made Wales an Internet celebrity.[67] Although he had never traveled outside of North America prior to founding the site, his participation in the Wikipedia project has seen him fly internationally almost constantly as a public face.

When Larry Sanger left Wikipedia, Wales’ approach was different from Sanger’s.[69] Wales was quite distant.[69] Despite involvement in other projects, Wales has denied any intention of reducing its role within Wikipedia, telling the New York Times in 2008 that “down-voting is not an option for me … not to be too dramatic about it, but “to be creative be”. and distributing a free encyclopedia of the highest possible quality to every single person on the planet in their own language’, that’s who I am. That’s what I do. That’s my goal in life.”[64] In May 2010, the BBC reported that Wales had relinquished many of its technical privileges to Wikimedia Commons (a sister Wikipedia project that hosts much of its multimedia content) after criticism from the project’s volunteer community that what they saw as Wales’ hasty and undemocratic approach to deleting sexually explicit images, he believed. only appeal to lustful interests”.[70]

Wikimedia Foundation

In mid-2003, Wales established the Wikimedia Foundation (WMF), a non-profit organization incorporated in St. Petersburg, Florida and later headquartered in San Francisco, California.[71][72] All intellectual property rights and domain names related to Wikipedia have been transferred to the new foundation[73] whose purpose is to support the encyclopedia and its sister projects.[28] Wales has been a member of the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees since its inception and served as its official Chair from 2003 to 2006.[74] Since 2006 he has held the honorary title of Chairman Emeritus and has held the board-appointed “church planter seat” established in 2008.[75][76][77] His work for the foundation, including appearing at computer and education conferences to promote it, has always been unpaid.[30] Wales has often joked that Wikipedia’s donation to the foundation was both the “stupidest and smartest” thing he’d done. On the one hand, he estimated that Wikipedia was worth $3 billion; on the other hand, he weighed his belief that the donation made his success possible.[34][73][78][79] In 2020 Wales said: “I see my role as very much like that of the modern monarch of the United Kingdom: no real power but the right to be consulted, the right to encourage and the right to warn.”[80]

Wales gives an annual State of the Wiki speech at the Wikimania conference.[81]

Wales’ association with the foundation has caused controversy. In March 2008, Wales was accused by former Wikimedia Foundation staff member Danny Wool of using Foundation funds for recreational purposes.[82] Wool also stated that Wales had his Wikimedia credit card taken away in part because of his spending behavior, a statement Wales denied.[82] The foundation’s chair at the time, Florence Devouard, and the foundation’s former interim executive director, Brad Patrick, denied any wrongdoing by Wales or the foundation, saying that Wales was responsible for all expenses and that he was responsible for items for which he had no receipts have paid out of his own pocket ; privately, Devouard chastised Wales for “constantly trying to rewrite the past.”[83]

Later in March 2008, former Novell computer scientist Jeff Merkey said that Wales edited Merkey’s Wikipedia entry to make it cheaper in exchange for donations to the Wikimedia Foundation, a claim Wales dismissed as “nonsense”. In early 2016, Wikipedia editors considered WMF’s Knowledge Engine project a conflict of interest for Wales, whose Wikia business could benefit from WMF spending heavily on search-related research.[86] Wikia attempted to develop a search engine but was shut down in 2009.[86]

Wikia and later pursuits

In 2004, Wales and then fellow WMF board member Angela Beesley founded the for-profit company Wikia.[26] Wikia is a wiki farm – a collection of individual wikis on different topics, all hosted on the same website. It hosts some of the largest wikis outside of Wikipedia, including Memory Alpha (for Star Trek) and Wookiepedia (Star Wars).[87] Another service offered by Wikia was Wikia Search, an open-source search engine intended to challenge Google and bring transparency and public dialogue to the operation of the search engine about how it is built,[88] but the project was canceled in March 2009 given up. Wales resigned as Wikia CEO, to be replaced on June 5, 2006 by angel investor Gil Penchina, a former vice president and general manager at eBay.[90] Penchina stated that Wikia reached profitability in September 2009.[91] In addition to his role on Wikia, Wales is a public speaker represented by the Harry Walker Agency.[92][93] He also took part in a celebrity advertising campaign for Swiss watchmaker Maurice Lacroix.[94]

On 4 November 2011, Wales gave an hour-long address at The Sage Gateshead in the UK to launch the 2011 Free Thinking Festival on BBC Radio Three.[95] His speech, titled “The Future of the Internet,” was largely devoted to Wikipedia. Twenty days later, on November 24, Wales appeared on the British television program Question Time on current debates.[96]

In May 2012, it was reported that Wales was advising the UK government on how to make taxpayer-funded academic research freely available on the internet.[97] His role has reportedly been to work as an “unpaid advisor on crowdsourcing and open-up policymaking”, advising the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills and the UK Research Councils on the dissemination of research results.[97]

In January 2014, it was announced that Wales had joined The People’s Operator as co-chair of the mobile network.[98]

On March 21, 2014, Wales joined John McCain, Saudi Arabian women’s rights activist Manal al-Sharif, and Harvard University student Shree Bose to address a panel discussion at a Clinton Global Initiative University conference at Arizona State University.[99] The “age of participation” and the ability of an increasing number of citizens to “express their own opinions, learn more and start their own businesses” were discussed. Wales admonished young people to use social media to try to bring about societal change and likened state suppression of the internet to a human rights violation.[100]

On May 26, 2014, Google appointed Wales to serve on a seven-person privacy committee in response to Google v. Gonzalez, resulting in Google being inundated with requests to remove websites from its search results. Wales said he wanted the committee to be seen as a “blue ribbon” by lawmakers and for the committee to advise both lawmakers and Google.[101]

In 2017, Wales announced that it was launching an online publication called WikiTribune, aiming to combat fake news through a combination of professional journalists and volunteer contributors. Wales described it as “news from the people and for the people” and that it will be the “first time professional journalists and citizen journalists will work side-by-side on an equal footing, writing stories as they happen and editing them live as they happen.” evolve and be supported at all times by a community that checks and rechecks all facts.”[102]

In October 2019, Wales launched an ad-free social network, WT Social.[103][104]

The Jimmy Wales Foundation for Freedom of Expression is a UK-based charity set up by Wales to fight human rights violations in the area of ​​freedom of expression.[105][106][107] Wales set up the charity after receiving a prize from the leader of Dubai, which he said he couldn’t accept given the country’s strict censorship laws, but claimed he couldn’t return it.[106] As of 2016, the CEO of the charity is Orit Kopel.[108]

Political and economic views

personal philosophy

Wales at a Creative Commons board meeting in June 2008

Wales is a self-confessed objectivist,[88] referring to the philosophy invented by the mid-20th century writer Ayn Rand that emphasizes reason, individualism and capitalism. Wales first encountered philosophy when he read Rand’s novel The Fountainhead while he was a student[20] and in 1992 established an electronic mailing list dedicated to the “Moderated Discussion of Objectivist Philosophy”.[7][109] Although he has stated that philosophy “colors everything I do and think,”[7] he said: “I think I do better—than a lot of people who call themselves objectivists—not to agree with my point of view represented views of other people.”[110]

CeBIT Global Conferences, Wikipedia Zero Jimmy Wales 2014 ff

When asked by Brian Lamb about Rand’s influence on him when he appeared on C-SPAN’s Q&A in September 2005, Wales cited integrity and “the virtue of independence” as personally important. When asked if he traced “the Ayn Rand connection” to a personal political philosophy at the time of the interview, Wales described himself as a libertarian and qualified his remark by calling the Libertarian Party “maniacs” and “liberty, Freedom” cited , essentially individual rights, the notion of “dealing with other people in such a way that they do not become violent” as its guiding principles.[20]

An interview with Wales served as the cover feature of the June 2007 issue of libertarian Reason magazine.[18] In this profile he described his political views as “centre-right”.[18]

In a 2011 interview with The Independent, he expressed his sympathy for the Occupy Wall Street and Occupy London protesters, saying: “You don’t have to be a socialist to say that it’s not right to take money from everyone and to give it to a few rich people. This is not free enterprise.”[111]

Dan Hodges in The Telegraph has described Wales as “Labour sympathisers”.[112] In 2015 he offered Ed Miliband to help him with the Labor Party’s social media strategy, but Miliband turned it down.[112]

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In 2015, Wales signed on as committee chair for Democrat Lawrence Lessig’s 2016 presidential campaign.[113]

In 2016, Wales and 11 other business leaders signed an open letter to American voters urging them not to vote for Donald Trump in that year’s presidential election.[114]

In May 2017, Wales said on Quora that he is a centrist and a gradualist and believes “that slow incremental change is better, more sustainable and allows us to test new things with a minimum of difficult disruption in society”. [115]

In May 2022, Wales said he did not identify with any particular political label.[116]

philosophy in practice

The January/February 2006 issue of Maximum PC reported that Wales refused to comply with a request from the People’s Republic of China to censor “politically sensitive” Wikipedia articles – other Internet companies such as Google, Yahoo! and Microsoft, had already yielded to pressure from the Chinese government. Wales stated that he would prefer companies like Google to comply with Wikipedia’s freedom of information policy.[117] In 2010, Wales criticized whistleblowing website WikiLeaks and its editor-in-chief Julian Assange, saying their release of Afghan war documents “might be enough to kill someone”; he also expressed irritation at the use of the name “wiki”:[118] “What they are doing is not really a wiki.

Development and administration of Wikipedia

Wales at Bengali Wikipedia’s tenth anniversary celebration

Wales cites Austrian School economist Friedrich Hayek’s essay, “The Use of Knowledge in Society,” which he read as a student,[27] as “central” to his reflections on “how to manage the Wikipedia project.” [18] Hayek argued that information is decentralized – that each individual knows only a small fraction of what is known collectively – and therefore decisions are best made by those with local knowledge, rather than by a central authority.[18] Wales revisited Hayek’s essay in the 1990s while reading about the open source movement, which advocated the collective development and free distribution of software. He was particularly moved by “The Cathedral and the Bazaar,” an essay later adapted into a book of the same name by one of the movement’s founders, Eric S. Raymond, because it “opened his eyes to the possibilities of mass collaboration.” [27]

With a background in finance and being a futures and options trader, Wales developed an interest in game theory and the effect of incentives on human collaborative activity. He sees this fascination as the essential basis for his development work on the Wikipedia project.[120] Er hat die Vorstellung zurückgewiesen, dass seine Rolle bei der Förderung von Wikipedia altruistisch sei, was er als „Opferung der eigenen Werte für andere“ definiert, und er erklärt, dass die Idee, dass „die Teilnahme an einer wohlwollenden Anstrengung, Informationen zu teilen, irgendwie Ihre eigenen Werte zerstört keinen Sinn für mich”.[68]

Zeugenaussage vor dem Heimatschutzausschuss des Senats

Am 11. Dezember 2007 sagte Wales vor dem Senatsausschuss der Vereinigten Staaten für Heimatschutz und Regierungsangelegenheiten aus.[121][122] Außerdem reichte er vor dem Senatsausschuss eine schriftliche Stellungnahme mit dem Titel „E-Government 2.0: Verbesserung von Innovation, Zusammenarbeit und Zugang“ ein.[123]

Senator Joseph Lieberman stellte Wales vor, indem er sagte:

Wir freuen uns sehr, Jimmy Wales, den Gründer von Wikipedia, als Zeugen zu haben, eines der aufregendsten Beispiele dafür, was kollaborative Technologie hervorbringen kann. Wir haben Herrn Wales gebeten, uns einige der Ideen hinter Wikipedia vorzustellen und sie dann mit unserer Zuständigkeit in Beziehung zu setzen, das heißt, uns zu helfen zu verstehen, wie ähnliche Technologien und kollaborative Aktivitäten für einen besseren Informationsaustausch und eine bessere Kommunikation auf die Regierung angewendet werden können , sowohl innerhalb der Regierung, als auch zwischen der Regierung und der Öffentlichkeit. Erfreulicherweise hat die Geheimdienstgemeinschaft bereits eine prozesskollaborative Technologie entwickelt und verwendet diese, die sie Intellipedia nennen und die direkt auf dem Wikipedia-Modell basiert. Also, Mr. Wales, wenn Nachahmung eine Form der Schmeichelei ist, sollten Sie sich geschmeichelt fühlen. Und das Ziel davon ist es, die Zusammenarbeit und Information innerhalb der Geheimdienstgemeinschaft zu fördern, offensichtlich auf einer geschlossenen Seite.[124]

Google-Urteil des Europäischen Gerichtshofs

Am 14. Mai 2014 reagierte Wales heftig auf das Urteil des Europäischen Gerichtshofs (EuGH) zum Recht von Einzelpersonen, die Entfernung von Informationen aus den Suchergebnissen von Google zu verlangen. Gegenüber der BBC erklärte er, das Urteil sei „eine der weitreichendsten Entscheidungen zur Internetzensur, die ich je gesehen habe“.[125] Anfang Juni 2014 interviewte das Medienunternehmen TechCrunch Wales zu diesem Thema, da er von Google eingeladen worden war, einem beratenden Ausschuss beizutreten, den das Unternehmen als Ergänzung zu dem formellen Verfahren gebildet hatte, das der EuGH von Google zur Verwaltung solcher Anfragen angefordert hatte. [126]

Das EuGH-Urteil vom Mai 2014 erforderte schnelles Handeln von Google, um einen Prozess zu implementieren, der es Menschen ermöglicht, sich direkt an das Unternehmen zu wenden, um Informationen zu entfernen, die sie für veraltet oder irrelevant halten. Googles Larry Page enthüllte, dass 30 Prozent der bei Google eingegangenen Anfragen seit der Urteilsverkündung als „andere“ kategorisiert wurden. Wales erklärte in E-Mail-Antworten, dass er am 28. Mai 2014 von Google kontaktiert wurde und „die Aufgabe des Ausschusses ist, öffentliche Anhörungen abzuhalten und Empfehlungen abzugeben – nicht nur für Google, sondern auch für Gesetzgeber und die Öffentlichkeit.“[126] Auf Nachfrage zu seiner Ansicht zum „Recht auf Vergessenwerden“ des EuGH-Urteils antwortete Wales:

Ich denke, dass die Entscheidung keine Auswirkungen auf das Recht der Menschen auf Privatsphäre haben wird, weil ich wahrheitsgemäße Informationen in Gerichtsakten, die per Gerichtsbeschluss in einer Zeitung veröffentlicht werden, nicht als private Informationen ansehe. Wenn überhaupt, wird die Entscheidung wahrscheinlich nur die interessanten philosophischen Fragen durcheinander bringen und es schwieriger machen, echte Fortschritte in Datenschutzfragen zu erzielen. Im Fall von wahrheitsgemäßen, nicht diffamierenden Informationen, die legal erlangt wurden, gibt es meines Erachtens keine Möglichkeit eines vertretbaren „Rechts“, das zu zensieren, was andere sagen. Es ist wichtig, Ausdrücke wie „Daten“ zu vermeiden, weil wir nicht über „Daten“ sprechen – wir sprechen über die Unterdrückung von Wissen.[126]

Wales then provided further explanation, drawing a comparison with Wikipedia: “You do not have a right to use the law to prevent Wikipedia editors from writing truthful information, nor do you have a right to use the law to prevent Google from publishing truthful information.” Wales concluded with an indication of his ideal outcome: “A part of the outcome should be the very strong implementation of a right to free speech in Europe—essentially the language of the First Amendment in the U.S.”[126]

Other issues

In 2012, the Home Secretary of the U.K. was petitioned by Wales in regard to his opposition to the extradition of Richard O’Dwyer to the US.[127] After an agreement was reached to avoid the extradition, Wales commented, “This is very exciting news, and I’m pleased to hear it … What needs to happen next is a serious reconsideration of the UK extradition treaty that would allow this sort of nonsense in the first place.”[128]

In August 2013, Wales criticized U.K. Prime Minister David Cameron’s plan for an Internet porn-filter, saying that the idea was “ridiculous”.[129] In November 2013, Wales also commented on the Snowden affair, describing Edward Snowden as “a hero” whom history would judge “very favourably”; additionally, Wales said the US public “would have never approved [the] sweeping surveillance program [publicized by Snowden]”, had they been informed or asked about it.[130]

During the Gamergate controversy in 2014, in response to an email from a computer science student, Wales allegedly said of the Gamergate movement that “It is very difficult for me to buy into the notion that gamergate is ‘really about ethics in journalism’ when every single experience I have personally had with it involved pro-gg people insulting, threatening, doxxing, etc.” and that the movement “has been permanently tarnished and highjacked by a handful of people who are not what you would hope.”[131] Wales defended his comments in response to backlash from supporters of Gamergate, saying that “it isn’t about what I believe. Gg is famous for harassment. Stop and think about why.”[132]

In November 2019, Wales accused Twitter of giving preferential treatment to high-profile figures such as Trump and Elon Musk for not banning or blocking them for their controversial statements.[133]

In May 2020, Wales criticized Trump for threatening to regulate social media companies.[134]

In September 2021, Wales said that Facebook and Twitter should combat misinformation and abuse on their platforms by deploying volunteer moderators to monitor controversial posts.[135]

In October 2021, Wales said that “Protecting strong encryption is essential for protecting the human rights of millions of people around the world.”[136]

In May 2022, in response to Elon Musk’s proposed acquisition of Twitter, Wales said that “I think he’s got some good and bad ideas, based on his public statements.”, adding that “On the other hand, Twitter in five years’ time could be much better than it is today, or Twitter could be dead in five years’ time, depending on the decisions he makes.”[137]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Wales stated on Wikipedia that the consensus in the mainstream media surrounding the lab leak theory seemed to have shifted from “this is highly unlikely, and only conspiracy theorists are pushing this narrative” to “this is one of the plausible hypotheses.”[138]

Wales has visited Israel over ten times and taken over $1M in donations from Israeli universities. He has said that he is “a strong supporter of Israel”.[139]

Personal life

Wales with his second wife, Christine Rohan

Jimmy Wales has been married three times. At the age of twenty, he married Pamela Green,[3] a co-worker at a grocery store in Alabama.[68] They divorced in 1993.[9] He met his second wife, Christine Rohan, through a friend in Chicago while she was working as a steel trader for Mitsubishi.[20][25] The couple were married in Monroe County, Florida in March 1997,[140] and had a daughter before separating in 2008.[3][20][68] Wales moved to San Diego in 1998, and after becoming disillusioned with the housing market there, relocated in 2002 to St. Petersburg, Florida.[25][50][141]

Wales had a brief relationship with Canadian conservative columnist Rachel Marsden in 2008 that began after Marsden contacted Wales about her Wikipedia biography.[142] After accusations that Wales’s relationship constituted a conflict of interest, Wales stated that there had been a relationship but that it was over and said that it had not influenced any matters on Wikipedia,[143][144] a statement which was disputed by Marsden.[145]

Wales married Kate Garvey at Wesley’s Chapel in London on October 6, 2012.[146] She is Tony Blair’s former diary secretary, whom Wales met in Davos, Switzerland.[147][148] Wales has three daughters: one with Rohan and two with Garvey.[1][149]

Wales is an atheist. In an interview with Big Think, he said his personal philosophy is firmly rooted in reason and he is a complete non-believer.[150]

Wales has lived in London, England, since 2012.[151] He became a British citizen in 2019.[4] In 2021, on The Tim Ferriss Show podcast, Wales revealed that he secretly moved to Argentina for one month after reading Ferriss’s book The 4-Hour Workweek.[152]

According to Wales, he is a passionate chef.[80]

publications

Distinctions

Wales receives an honorary doctorate from Maastricht University , 2015

See also

Verweise

bibliography

Shawn Killinger from QVC Wiki Cancer, New Baby, Age, Salary, Net Worth, Husband Joe Carretta

Who is Shawn Killinger?

Shawn Killinger is quite a multi-talent – she is not only a journalist and reporter, but also a television presenter and media personality, probably best known as the program host for the American network QVC, which specializes in home shopping television shows. Aside from that, however, Shawn is also widely recognized as a former contender on NBC’s reality game show called The Apprentice: Martha Stewart.

Shawn Killinger’s Early Life and Education

Shawn Elizabeth Killinger was born on November 2nd, 1979 in Detroit, Michigan, USA under the zodiac sign Scorpio and is not only of apparent American nationality but also of White descent. Due to the nature of her father’s profession, at age 11 her family moved to Mexico City, Mexico, where she spent the next four years mastering the Spanish language. Further details about her family background have not been publicly disclosed to date. After enrolling at the International American School Foundation, Killinger enrolled at Penn State University. Before graduating from PSU with a Bachelor of Arts in Marketing, Shawn also spent time in Europe working for the World Health Organization and the International Labor Organization in Geneva, Switzerland.

Shawn Killinger’s career

Upon returning to the States and graduating, Shawn settled in New York City where she began a career in broadcasting. Her first step into journalism came when she joined the CBS Television Network, where she spent the next two years as a reporter on shows like The Late Show with David Letterman, CBS 60 Minutes, and Evening News with Dan Rather . She then relocated to Rochester, New York for WUHF-TV, the FOX Network affiliate television station, where she worked as a general-duty reporter. Shawn also honed her reporting skills through a variety of engagements for several other television networks, including CBS affiliate WKMG-TV in Albany, New York and Orlando, Florida, as well as being a CBS co-host. Channel 6 aired morning news.

Shawn Killinger rose to prominence in 2005, however, when she was selected as one of 16 competitors from tens of thousands across the country to appear on NBC’s reality television series The Apprentice: Martha Stewart. Revolving around business tycoon Martha Stewart, the show focused on the culinary arts, media, entertainment, design and style, and featured her quest to find her perfect apprentice from among the 16 contestants, who were divided into two teams and competed against each other for the different task complete weekly quests. Shawn Killinger was fired after the show’s third week, allegedly for saying “fake it ’til you make it,” which displeased Martha Stewart. Although she was fired from the show empty-handed, this endeavor has helped Shawn Killinger greatly increase her popularity.

In 2007, Killinger joined one of America’s leading flagship shopping channels – cable, satellite and television broadcast giant QVC. Since then, she’s mastered the art of live entertainment and engagement, becoming one of the company’s cover faces. She is currently widely known for her daily on-camera appearances where she hosts an unscripted four-hour live shopping show and manages to entertain huge audiences, resulting in QVC’s annual sales worth millions of dollars dollars are recorded.

Cancer

Although media attention was drawn to rumors that Shawn Killinger was suffering from cancer, these quotes have never been officially confirmed. However, it has been publicly acknowledged by some sources that her father was diagnosed with cancer but managed to beat the disease.

Hello, slobber? Meet chin‼️Gili TSV. Monday. Our work here is done. Shop early if you wish. It’s available now (sigh)‼️>https://qvc.co/gilitsvsept17 Posted by Shawn Killinger QVC on Sunday September 16th, 2018

Shawn Killinger’s personal life

Curious about Shawn’s personal life and marital status, right? Well, Killinger is a married woman — since 2013, she’s been married to American businessman and professional consultant Joseph “Joe” Carretta, who is currently CEO of Sunrise Senior Living, the fifth-largest assisted living provider in the States. The couple met on a dating site and soon after began their relationship, which ended in a seemingly happy marriage. However, they weren’t lucky enough to welcome their own children as Shawn suffered a miscarriage in 2014 and decided to adopt a baby girl in 2017. With her husband and child alongside Joe’s two sons from his previous affairs, Shawn Killinger currently resides in West Chester, Pennsylvania.

Aside from being a successful reporter and television host, Killinger is also known as a philanthropist — since 2008 she has been actively involved with the Make-A-Wish Foundation and serves as a “wish granter” for children suffering from life-threatening illnesses.

Shawn Killinger’s Salary and Net Worth

Have you ever wondered how much fortune this popular American broadcaster has amassed so far? How rich is Shawn Killinger? Although the exact amount of her net worth has not yet been publicly announced, Shawn Killinger’s total net worth is estimated to be over $1 million as of the end of 2018, while her annual income is estimated at $115,000, which she has earned through her profession On-camera reporting and a journalistic career that now spans almost two decades.

controversies

In early 2015, alongside American fashion designer Isaac Mizrahi, Killinger became a victim of various online communities and their laughing stock because she wasn’t particularly familiar with the moon. The two debated whether the moon is a star or a planet for a while before receiving the information that the moon is actually Earth’s natural satellite.

Shawn Killinger appearance and social media presence

Shawn has a toned physique measuring 1.65 m (5 ft 5 in) tall and weighing around 50 kg (110 lbs) while her vitals are 33-24-33 which in addition to her short blond hair makes her very attractive seductive and camera friendly.

This 39-year-old American TV personality is also regularly active on several popular social networks like Instagram where her official account @shawnkillingerqvc has amassed almost 68,000 total fans and followers. She was also quite active on Twitter until 2015, where she was followed by over 10,000 people.

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